Objectives: To assess the computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) accuracy for demonstrating possible non-cardiovascular causes of non-acute retrosternal chest pain in patients without known coronary artery disease (CAD) and to correlate CTCA results with the patient management and relief from pain. Methods: This prospective observational study was approved by the ethical committee. Consecutive patients suffering non-acute chest pain who underwent CTCA and with not known CAD were enrolled and classified as having coronary diseases (CD) or extracardiac diseases (ECD). Association between age, sex, body mass index (BMI), cardiovascular risk factors, and type of chest pain with CD or ECD was estimated. Correlation between BMI classes and each risk factor was also calculated. Results: A total of 106 patients (60 males; age 62 ± 14 years [mean ± standard deviation]; mean BMI 27) were enrolled. Hypertension was found in 71/106 (67%); smoking was significantly more frequent among males (p = 0.003) and hypercholesterolemia among females (p = 0.017); hypertension and hypercholesterolemia significantly correlated with age, and hypertension also with BMI. Pain was atypical in 70/106 (66%) patients. The kind of pain did not correlate with disease or gender. CTCA showed possible causes of chest pain in 69/106 (65%) patients; 32/69 (47%) having only CD, 23/69 (33%) only ECD, and 14/69 (20%) both CD and ECD. Prevalence was: hiatal hernia 35/106 (33%); significant CAD 24/106 (23%); myocardial bridging 22/106 (21%). At follow-up of 94/106 (89%) patients, 71/94 (76%) were pain-free, 14/17 (82%) significant CAD had been treated, and only one patient with non-significant CAD was treated after CTCA. Conclusion: CTCA suggested possible causes of non-acute pain in 65% of patients. Main messages: • CTCA can either rule in or rule out possible causes of chest pain alternative to CAD. • Clinically relevant findings were detected in 65% of patients with non-acute chest pain. • Non-cardiovascular diseases potentially explained symptoms in 35% of patients.

Computed tomography coronary angiography in patients without known coronary artery disease can demonstrate possible non-cardiovascular causes of non-acute retrosternal chest pain / S. Tresoldi, A. Ravelli, S. Sbaraini, C. KHOURI CHALOUHI, F. Secchi, G. Cornalba, G. Carrafiello, F. Sardanelli. - In: INSIGHTS INTO IMAGING. - ISSN 1869-4101. - 9:5(2018), pp. 687-694. [10.1007/s13244-018-0654-x]

Computed tomography coronary angiography in patients without known coronary artery disease can demonstrate possible non-cardiovascular causes of non-acute retrosternal chest pain

S. Tresoldi;A. Ravelli;S. Sbaraini;C. KHOURI CHALOUHI;F. Secchi;G. Cornalba;G. Carrafiello;F. Sardanelli
2018

Abstract

Objectives: To assess the computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) accuracy for demonstrating possible non-cardiovascular causes of non-acute retrosternal chest pain in patients without known coronary artery disease (CAD) and to correlate CTCA results with the patient management and relief from pain. Methods: This prospective observational study was approved by the ethical committee. Consecutive patients suffering non-acute chest pain who underwent CTCA and with not known CAD were enrolled and classified as having coronary diseases (CD) or extracardiac diseases (ECD). Association between age, sex, body mass index (BMI), cardiovascular risk factors, and type of chest pain with CD or ECD was estimated. Correlation between BMI classes and each risk factor was also calculated. Results: A total of 106 patients (60 males; age 62 ± 14 years [mean ± standard deviation]; mean BMI 27) were enrolled. Hypertension was found in 71/106 (67%); smoking was significantly more frequent among males (p = 0.003) and hypercholesterolemia among females (p = 0.017); hypertension and hypercholesterolemia significantly correlated with age, and hypertension also with BMI. Pain was atypical in 70/106 (66%) patients. The kind of pain did not correlate with disease or gender. CTCA showed possible causes of chest pain in 69/106 (65%) patients; 32/69 (47%) having only CD, 23/69 (33%) only ECD, and 14/69 (20%) both CD and ECD. Prevalence was: hiatal hernia 35/106 (33%); significant CAD 24/106 (23%); myocardial bridging 22/106 (21%). At follow-up of 94/106 (89%) patients, 71/94 (76%) were pain-free, 14/17 (82%) significant CAD had been treated, and only one patient with non-significant CAD was treated after CTCA. Conclusion: CTCA suggested possible causes of non-acute pain in 65% of patients. Main messages: • CTCA can either rule in or rule out possible causes of chest pain alternative to CAD. • Clinically relevant findings were detected in 65% of patients with non-acute chest pain. • Non-cardiovascular diseases potentially explained symptoms in 35% of patients.
Chest pain; Computed tomography coronary angiography; Coronary artery disease; Differential diagnosis
Settore MED/36 - Diagnostica per Immagini e Radioterapia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/642068
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