In the European Community cutaneous melanoma accounts for 1 and 1.8% of cancers occurring in men and women, respectively. The incidence rate is increasing faster than that of any other tumour. Sun exposure, patient's phenotype, family history, and history of a previous melanoma are the major risk factors. The change over a period of months is the main sign of a skin lesion turned into a melanoma. The ABCDE scheme for early detection of melanoma is commonly accepted. A new staging classification will be published in the next AJCC/UICC Cancer Staging System Manual in 2002. The clinical course of melanoma is determined by its dissemination and depends on thickness, ulceration, localisation, gender and histology of the primary tumour. Tumour stage at diagnosis remains the major prognostic factor. Surgery is the standard treatment option for operable local-regional disease. Sentinel node biopsy represents a promising experimental approach in the clinical detection and early treatment of occult lymph node involvement. For metastatic inoperable patients systemic chemotherapy can be attempted, while radiation therapy has to be considered as palliative treatment. No studies concerning frequency of follow-up are currently available, but common procedures may be performed.

Malignant melanoma / F. de Braud, D. Khayat, B. Kroon, R. Valdagni, P. Bruzzi, N. Cascinelli. - In: CRITICAL REVIEWS IN ONCOLOGY HEMATOLOGY. - ISSN 1040-8428. - 47:1(2003), pp. 35-63.

Malignant melanoma

F. de Braud;R. Valdagni;
2003

Abstract

In the European Community cutaneous melanoma accounts for 1 and 1.8% of cancers occurring in men and women, respectively. The incidence rate is increasing faster than that of any other tumour. Sun exposure, patient's phenotype, family history, and history of a previous melanoma are the major risk factors. The change over a period of months is the main sign of a skin lesion turned into a melanoma. The ABCDE scheme for early detection of melanoma is commonly accepted. A new staging classification will be published in the next AJCC/UICC Cancer Staging System Manual in 2002. The clinical course of melanoma is determined by its dissemination and depends on thickness, ulceration, localisation, gender and histology of the primary tumour. Tumour stage at diagnosis remains the major prognostic factor. Surgery is the standard treatment option for operable local-regional disease. Sentinel node biopsy represents a promising experimental approach in the clinical detection and early treatment of occult lymph node involvement. For metastatic inoperable patients systemic chemotherapy can be attempted, while radiation therapy has to be considered as palliative treatment. No studies concerning frequency of follow-up are currently available, but common procedures may be performed.
cutaneous melanoma; genetics; clinical detection; mortality rate
Settore MED/06 - Oncologia Medica
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1-s2.0-S104084280200077X-main.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 667.97 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
667.97 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/641957
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 11
  • Scopus 57
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 51
social impact