Enormous progress has been made globally in the use of evidence derived from patients’ clinical information as they access their routine medical care. The value of real-world data lies in their complementary nature compared with data from randomised controlled trials: less detailed information on drug efficacy but longer observational periods and larger, more heterogeneous study populations reflecting clinical practice because individuals are included who would not usually be recruited in trials. Real-world data can be collected in various types of electronic sources, such as electronic health records, claims databases and drug or disease registries. These data sources vary in nature from country to country, according to national healthcare system structures and national policies. In Italy, a growing number of healthcare databases have been used to evaluate post-marketing drug utilisation and safety in the last two decades. The aim of this narrative review is to describe the available Italian sources of real-world data and their contribution to generating post-marketing evidence on drug use and safety. We also discuss the strengths and limitations of the most commonly used Italian healthcare databases in addressing various research questions concerning drug utilisation, comparative effectiveness and safety studies, as well as health technology assessment and other areas.
The Role of European Healthcare Databases for Post-Marketing Drug Effectiveness, Safety and Value Evaluation : Where Does Italy Stand? / G. Trifirò, R. Gini, F. Barone-Adesi, E. Beghi, A. Cantarutti, A. Capuano, C. Carnovale, A. Clavenna, M. Dellagiovanna, C. Ferrajolo, M. Franchi, Y. Ingrasciotta, U. Kirchmayer, F. Lapi, R. Leone, O. Leoni, E. Lucenteforte, U. Moretti, A. Mugelli, L. Naldi, E. Poluzzi, C. Rafaniello, F. Rea, J. Sultana, M. Tettamanti, G. Traversa, A. Vannacci, L. Mantovani, G. Corrao. - In: DRUG SAFETY. - ISSN 0114-5916. - 42:3(2019 Mar), pp. 347-363.
|Titolo:||The Role of European Healthcare Databases for Post-Marketing Drug Effectiveness, Safety and Value Evaluation : Where Does Italy Stand?|
|Parole Chiave:||Toxicology; Pharmacology; Pharmacology (medical)|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mar-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40264-018-0732-5|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|