Over the last decade, hair analysis has become a routine procedure in most forensic laboratories and, complementary to blood and urine, hair is a unique biological matrix which gives the opportunity to establish a temporal consumption profile. Despite hair is widely used to identify drug use, environmental contamination still continues to represent a challenging factor of this procedure, especially for cocaine. In order to distinguish between actual use and external contamination, several strategies have been proposed in the last few years, such as the evaluation of concentration ratio between cocaine (COC) and benzoylecgonine (BEG), the detection of norcocaine (NCOC) or cocaethylene (CE) or an extensive washing step to decontaminate hair prior the analysis. The aim of this study is the development of a quali-quantitative LC-MS/MS method able to detect hydroxy-cocaine metabolites, as specific markers of COC abuse, in hair samples from cocaine consumers, thus enabling unambiguous evidence of COC consumption. COC‐positive hair samples were tested using parent ion scan-based analysis to extract hydroxy cocaine metabolites target ions. Once identified, an LC-MS/MS method to quantify p‐ and m‐isomers of hydroxy COC, as well as hydroxy BEG and hydroxy NCOC was developed and validated. Analysis was performed on a triple quadrupole ABSciex Qtrap 5500 mass spectrometer operating in electron spray ionization (ESI) mode. The method was successfully applied to a large number of COC-positive hair samples, with the following preliminary results: - p-OH BEG: 0.23 – 80.36 pg/mg; m-OH BEG: 0.23 – 49.64 pg/mg - p-OH NCOC: 0.11 – 43.34 pg/mg; m-OH NCOC: 0.28 – 82.07 pg/mg - p-OH COC: 1.28 – 1754.37 pg/mg; m-OH COC 0.63 – 1038.29 pg/mg It was then introduced into a routine procedure for testing drug ingestion in order to evaluate for the first-time hydroxy metabolites ranges in hair and to avoid the risk of false positive in discussed COC‐positive cases.

Assunzione o contaminazione? : il ruolo dei metaboliti idrossilati della cocaina nell'analisi del capello / M. Minoli, S. Casati, I. Angeli, A. Ravelli, P. Rota, P. Allevi, M. Orioli. ((Intervento presentato al 18. convegno Le attività tossicologico-forensi in ambito assistenziale tenutosi a Pisa nel 2018.

Assunzione o contaminazione? : il ruolo dei metaboliti idrossilati della cocaina nell'analisi del capello

M. Minoli;S. Casati;I. Angeli;A. Ravelli;P. Rota;P. Allevi;M. Orioli
2018-11-23

Abstract

Over the last decade, hair analysis has become a routine procedure in most forensic laboratories and, complementary to blood and urine, hair is a unique biological matrix which gives the opportunity to establish a temporal consumption profile. Despite hair is widely used to identify drug use, environmental contamination still continues to represent a challenging factor of this procedure, especially for cocaine. In order to distinguish between actual use and external contamination, several strategies have been proposed in the last few years, such as the evaluation of concentration ratio between cocaine (COC) and benzoylecgonine (BEG), the detection of norcocaine (NCOC) or cocaethylene (CE) or an extensive washing step to decontaminate hair prior the analysis. The aim of this study is the development of a quali-quantitative LC-MS/MS method able to detect hydroxy-cocaine metabolites, as specific markers of COC abuse, in hair samples from cocaine consumers, thus enabling unambiguous evidence of COC consumption. COC‐positive hair samples were tested using parent ion scan-based analysis to extract hydroxy cocaine metabolites target ions. Once identified, an LC-MS/MS method to quantify p‐ and m‐isomers of hydroxy COC, as well as hydroxy BEG and hydroxy NCOC was developed and validated. Analysis was performed on a triple quadrupole ABSciex Qtrap 5500 mass spectrometer operating in electron spray ionization (ESI) mode. The method was successfully applied to a large number of COC-positive hair samples, with the following preliminary results: - p-OH BEG: 0.23 – 80.36 pg/mg; m-OH BEG: 0.23 – 49.64 pg/mg - p-OH NCOC: 0.11 – 43.34 pg/mg; m-OH NCOC: 0.28 – 82.07 pg/mg - p-OH COC: 1.28 – 1754.37 pg/mg; m-OH COC 0.63 – 1038.29 pg/mg It was then introduced into a routine procedure for testing drug ingestion in order to evaluate for the first-time hydroxy metabolites ranges in hair and to avoid the risk of false positive in discussed COC‐positive cases.
Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
Settore MED/43 - Medicina Legale
Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica
Assunzione o contaminazione? : il ruolo dei metaboliti idrossilati della cocaina nell'analisi del capello / M. Minoli, S. Casati, I. Angeli, A. Ravelli, P. Rota, P. Allevi, M. Orioli. ((Intervento presentato al 18. convegno Le attività tossicologico-forensi in ambito assistenziale tenutosi a Pisa nel 2018.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/638630
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