Progressive pseudorheumatoid dysplasia (PPRD) is a genetic bone disorder characterised by the progressive degeneration of articular cartilage that leads to pain, stiffness and joint enlargement. As PPRD is a rare disease, available literature is mainly represented by single case reports and only a few larger case series. Our aim is to review the literature concerning clinical, laboratory and radiological features of PPRD. PPRD is due to a mutation in Wnt1-inducible signalling protein 3 (WISP3) gene, which encodes a signalling factor involved in cartilage homeostasis. The disease onset in childhood and skeletal changes progresses over time leading to significant disability. PPRD is a rare condition that should be suspected if a child develops symmetrical polyarticular involvement without systemic inflammation, knobbly interphalangeal joints of the hands, and gait abnormalities. A full skeletal survey, or at least a lateral radiograph of the spine, can direct towards a correct diagnosis that can be confirmed molecularly. More than 70 WISP3 mutations have so far been reported. Genetic testing should start with the study of genomic DNA extracted from blood leucocytes, but intronic mutations in WISP3 causing splicing aberrations can only be detected by analysing WISP3 mRNA, which can be extracted from cultured skin fibroblasts. A skin biopsy is, therefore, indicated in patients with typical PPRD findings and negative mutation screening of genomic DNA.
Progressive pseudorheumatoid dysplasia : a rare childhood disease / S. Torreggiani, M. Torcoletti, B. Campos-Xavier, F. Baldo, C. Agostoni, A. Superti-Furga, G. Filocamo. - In: RHEUMATOLOGY INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 0172-8172. - 39:3(2019 Mar), pp. 441-452.
|Titolo:||Progressive pseudorheumatoid dysplasia : a rare childhood disease|
TORREGGIANI, SOFIA (Primo) (Corresponding)
BALDO, FRANCESCO (Corresponding)
AGOSTONI, CARLO VIRGINIO (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Juvenile idiopathic arthritis; Progressive pseudorheumatoid arthropathy of childhood; Progressive pseudorheumatoid dysplasia; Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda with progressive arthropathy; Rheumatology; Immunology and Allergy; Immunology|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mar-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00296-018-4170-6|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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