Specialty chemicals from sugars are destined to displace fermentation to alcohols due to their superior economic value and atom efficiency. Compared to bioethanol, retention of oxygen functional groups increases by 2-5 times the market value of specialty chemicals like furfural, 2,5-furan dicarboxylic acid, 2,5-dimethyl furan, and gamma-valerolactone. For the first time, we report a gas-phase process that converts C-6 monosaccharides to furfural in a microfluidized bed reactor. A spray nozzle inserted directly into the catalytic bed atomizes a fructose water solution to micron-sized droplets; water evaporates, and WO3/TiO2 converts fructose to furfural. Furfural yield reached 22% after 3 h time-on-stream with 15% diformyl furan as coproduct. Acetic acid yield was mostly below 10% but was as high as 27%. During the initial tests, coke and catalyst agglomerates blocked the sparger tip, and run time varied between 1 and 3 h. Insulating the nozzle leading into the bed reduced the injector wall temperature and improved reactor operability; the 15 mm i.d. reactor ran continuously for 19 h after this modification.

Gas-Phase Fructose Conversion to Furfural in a Microfluidized Bed Reactor / D. Carnevali, O. Guévremont, M.G. Rigamonti, M. Stucchi, F. Cavani, G.S. Patience. - In: ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING. - ISSN 2168-0485. - 6:4(2018), pp. 5580-5587.

Gas-Phase Fructose Conversion to Furfural in a Microfluidized Bed Reactor

D. Carnevali;M. Stucchi;
2018

Abstract

Specialty chemicals from sugars are destined to displace fermentation to alcohols due to their superior economic value and atom efficiency. Compared to bioethanol, retention of oxygen functional groups increases by 2-5 times the market value of specialty chemicals like furfural, 2,5-furan dicarboxylic acid, 2,5-dimethyl furan, and gamma-valerolactone. For the first time, we report a gas-phase process that converts C-6 monosaccharides to furfural in a microfluidized bed reactor. A spray nozzle inserted directly into the catalytic bed atomizes a fructose water solution to micron-sized droplets; water evaporates, and WO3/TiO2 converts fructose to furfural. Furfural yield reached 22% after 3 h time-on-stream with 15% diformyl furan as coproduct. Acetic acid yield was mostly below 10% but was as high as 27%. During the initial tests, coke and catalyst agglomerates blocked the sparger tip, and run time varied between 1 and 3 h. Insulating the nozzle leading into the bed reduced the injector wall temperature and improved reactor operability; the 15 mm i.d. reactor ran continuously for 19 h after this modification.
Sugar; Microreactor; Fluidized bed; Furfural; Gas-phase; Tungsten; Atomization; Diformyl furan
Settore ING-IND/27 - Chimica Industriale e Tecnologica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/638287
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