Information and communication technologies present significant advances in spatially-related information and communication systems. They may greatly enhance disaster prevention and crisis management. However, the ways by which ICTs culturally affect peopleenvironment relations (hazard perception, citizen preparedness, relief, recovery, and resilience) have not been sufficiently investigated. This paper attempts to compare people’s behaviour when coping with hazards and disasters along three ages: oral word, mass media mediation, and ICTs mediation. The paper then presents an overarching model of coping with disasters and guidelines for ICT uses in a full disaster cycle.

Communications mode(l)s and disasters: From word of mouth to ICTs = Mode(le)s de communication et desastres. de l’oral aux TIC / M. Paradiso. - In: NETCOM. - ISSN 0987-6014. - 25:3-4(2010), pp. 181-200.

Communications mode(l)s and disasters: From word of mouth to ICTs = Mode(le)s de communication et desastres. de l’oral aux TIC

M. Paradiso
Primo
2010

Abstract

Information and communication technologies present significant advances in spatially-related information and communication systems. They may greatly enhance disaster prevention and crisis management. However, the ways by which ICTs culturally affect peopleenvironment relations (hazard perception, citizen preparedness, relief, recovery, and resilience) have not been sufficiently investigated. This paper attempts to compare people’s behaviour when coping with hazards and disasters along three ages: oral word, mass media mediation, and ICTs mediation. The paper then presents an overarching model of coping with disasters and guidelines for ICT uses in a full disaster cycle.
Les technologies de l’information et de la communication présentent des avancées significatives pour l'information géospatiale et les systèmes de communication. Elles peuvent grandement améliorer la prévention des catastrophes et la gestion des crises. Cependant les effets par lesquels les TIC touchent culturellement les relations entre les personnes et leur environnement (perception du danger, préparation des citoyens, secours, relèvement et résilience) ne sont pas suffisamment étudiés. Cet article tente de comparer le comportement des gens face aux dangers et catastrophes au long de trois âges (culture orale, médiation des mass-médias, médiation des TIC). Nous développons un modèle général de gestion des catastrophes et des lignes directrices pour l'utilisation des TIC durant le cycle d'une catastrophe.
ICTs; hazard; disaster; communication model; guidelines
Settore M-GGR/02 - Geografia Economico-Politica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/637489
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