INTRODUCTION: A higher rate of subtherapeutic psychotropic drug concentrations was recently found in HIV-infected versus HIV-negative patients. In this study, we sought to investigate if this trend could also apply to antiepileptic drugs. METHODS: Overall, 700 HIV-infected patients were screened during the first 2 years after the introduction of our outpatient polytherapy management service (Gestione Ambulatoriale Politerapie [GAP]) in the search for subjects with antiepileptic drug trough concentration assessments. The distribution of such concentrations was compared with that in HIV-negative patients monitored over the same period. RESULTS: The search identified 97 HIV-infected patients concomitantly receiving antiretroviral and antiepileptic drugs, for a total of 310 drug measurements. Overall, 30%, 64% and 6%, versus 28%, 65% and 7%, of the antiepileptic concentrations measured in HIV-infected versus HIV-negative patients (1090 patients, for a total of 3488 antiepileptic concentrations measured) were below, within, or above the therapeutic targets, respectively. The antiepileptic drug valproate was associated with the highest risk of subtherapeutic drug concentrations, with 57% and 46% of determinations below the therapeutic range in HIV-positive and HIV-negative patients, respectively. Remarkably, the concentrations of valproate were significantly lower in HIV-infected versus HIV-negative patients (47.9 ± 21.2 versus 53.9 ± 21.6 mg/L; p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: In our retrospective study, most HIV-infected patients had antiepileptic drug concentrations falling within the therapeutic targets, with the exception of valproate, which was associated with a higher rate of subtherapeutic concentrations compared with other antiepileptic drugs.
Assessment of Antiepileptic Drug Concentrations in HIV-Infected versus HIV-Negative Patients: A Retrospective Analysis / D. Cattaneo, S. Baldelli, A. Giacomelli, D. Minisci, P. Meraviglia, N. Astuti, M. Fusi, V. Cozzi, E. Clementi, M. Galli, C. Gervasoni. - In: CLINICAL PHARMACOKINETICS. - ISSN 0312-5963. - (2019). [Epub ahead of print]
|Titolo:||Assessment of Antiepileptic Drug Concentrations in HIV-Infected versus HIV-Negative Patients: A Retrospective Analysis|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/17 - Malattie Infettive|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||4-apr-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40262-019-00752-6|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|