Human clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is therapy resistant; therefore, it is worthwhile studying in depth the molecular aspects of its progression. In ccRCC the biallelic inactivation of the VHL gene leads to stabilization of hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs). Among the targets of HIF-1α transcriptional activity is the LOX gene, which codes for the inactive proenzyme (Pro-Lox) from which, after extracellular secretion and proteolysis, derives the active enzyme (Lox) and the propeptide (Lox-PP). By increasing stiffness of extracellular matrix by collagen crosslinking, Lox promotes tumor progression and metastasis. Lox and Lox-PP can reenter the cells where Lox promotes cell proliferation and invasion, whereas Lox-PP acts as tumor suppressor because of its Ras recision and apoptotic activity. Few data are available concerning LOX in ccRCC. Using an in vitro model of ccRCC primary cell cultures, we performed, for the first time in ccRCC, a detailed study of endogenous LOX and also investigated their transcriptomic profile. We found that endogenous LOX is overexpressed in ccRCC, is involved in a positive-regulative loop with HIF-1α, and has a major action on ccRCC progression through cellular adhesion, migration, and collagen matrix stiffness increment; however, the oncosuppressive action of Lox-PP was not found to prevail. These findings may suggest translational approaches for new therapeutic strategies in ccRCC.
Major Action of Endogenous Lysyl Oxidase in Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma Progression and Collagen Stiffness Revealed by Primary Cell Cultures / V. Di Stefano, B. Torsello, C. Bianchi, I. Cifola, E. Mangano, G. Bovo, V. Cassina, S. De Marco, R. Corti, C. Meregalli, S. Bombelli, P. Viganò, C. Battaglia, G. Strada, R.A. Perego. - In: THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PATHOLOGY. - ISSN 0002-9440. - 186:9(2016), pp. 2473-2485.
|Titolo:||Major Action of Endogenous Lysyl Oxidase in Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma Progression and Collagen Stiffness Revealed by Primary Cell Cultures|
BATTAGLIA, CRISTINA [Investigation]
|Parole Chiave:||Focal adhesion kinase; in-vivo; cancer; expression; gene; propeptide; kidney; profile; metastasis; migration|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajpath.2016.05.019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|