The structural setting and the stratigraphy of the Lower to Middle Triassic sedimentary succession exposed in the western part of the Aghdarband window (Kopeh-Dag, NE Iran) is described. Six stratigraphic sections in the Sefid-Kuh Limestone, Nazar-Kardeh Formation and Sina Formation have been studied in the tectonic units 1a and 2. The lithostratigraphy is revised, with bio-chronostratigraphic constrains provided by conodonts and ammonoids. The new Olenekian ammonoid genus Megatirolites is erected. It is based on species thus far known only from Mangyshlak (West Kazakhstan) but it is occurs also in the Sefid-Kuh Limestone. The evolution of the Lower Triassic carbonate ramp of the Sefid-Kuh Limestone, persisted in the Middle Anisian, with a three-stage development (Sefid-Kuh 1, 2 and 3 members) separated by drowning and onset of siliciclastics. The last stage is in part coeval with the Middle Anisian basinal Nazarkardeh Formation.The unconformity-bounded, three-stage development of the carbonate ramp documents that in the Aghdarband Basin the tectonic control over sedimentation started already in the Olenekian, since the onset of the marine transgression. The transgression of the Ladinian Sina Formation sealed a complex morphology resulting from the tilting and erosion of the Middle Anisian units. A new palaeogeographic position along the southern Laurasia margin is proposed for the Triassic Aghdarband Basin. Based on the palaeobiogeographic affinity of the Olenekian ammonoid occurences, we suggest that the Aghdarband Basin was located in a back-arc position in close connection with angyshlak (West Kazakhstan) and Tuarkyr (Turkmenistan), passing northwestward to a large epicontinental basin extending to the Donbass area. At least during the Olenekian the Aghdarband Basin had no direct connection with the Nakhlak Basin, which was proably located in a different intra-arc or more probably fore-arc region with respect to the Palaeotethys subduction-related Triassic arc.

Olenekian to early ladinian stratigraphy of the western part of the aghdarband window (kopeh-dag, ne Iran) / M. Balini, A. Nicora, S. Zanchetta, A. Zanchi, R. Marchesi, I. Vuolo, M. Hosseiniyoon, M. Norouzi, S. Soleimani. - In: RIVISTA ITALIANA DI PALEONTOLOGIA E STRATIGRAFIA. - ISSN 2039-4942. - 125:1(2019 Mar 25), pp. 283-315.

Olenekian to early ladinian stratigraphy of the western part of the aghdarband window (kopeh-dag, ne Iran)

M. Balini
Primo
;
A. Nicora
Secondo
;
S. Zanchetta;R. Marchesi;I. Vuolo;
2019-03-25

Abstract

The structural setting and the stratigraphy of the Lower to Middle Triassic sedimentary succession exposed in the western part of the Aghdarband window (Kopeh-Dag, NE Iran) is described. Six stratigraphic sections in the Sefid-Kuh Limestone, Nazar-Kardeh Formation and Sina Formation have been studied in the tectonic units 1a and 2. The lithostratigraphy is revised, with bio-chronostratigraphic constrains provided by conodonts and ammonoids. The new Olenekian ammonoid genus Megatirolites is erected. It is based on species thus far known only from Mangyshlak (West Kazakhstan) but it is occurs also in the Sefid-Kuh Limestone. The evolution of the Lower Triassic carbonate ramp of the Sefid-Kuh Limestone, persisted in the Middle Anisian, with a three-stage development (Sefid-Kuh 1, 2 and 3 members) separated by drowning and onset of siliciclastics. The last stage is in part coeval with the Middle Anisian basinal Nazarkardeh Formation.The unconformity-bounded, three-stage development of the carbonate ramp documents that in the Aghdarband Basin the tectonic control over sedimentation started already in the Olenekian, since the onset of the marine transgression. The transgression of the Ladinian Sina Formation sealed a complex morphology resulting from the tilting and erosion of the Middle Anisian units. A new palaeogeographic position along the southern Laurasia margin is proposed for the Triassic Aghdarband Basin. Based on the palaeobiogeographic affinity of the Olenekian ammonoid occurences, we suggest that the Aghdarband Basin was located in a back-arc position in close connection with angyshlak (West Kazakhstan) and Tuarkyr (Turkmenistan), passing northwestward to a large epicontinental basin extending to the Donbass area. At least during the Olenekian the Aghdarband Basin had no direct connection with the Nakhlak Basin, which was proably located in a different intra-arc or more probably fore-arc region with respect to the Palaeotethys subduction-related Triassic arc.
Cimmerian orogeny; Early Triassic; Olenekian; Iran; Kopeh-Dag; Ammonoids; Conodonts; Stratigraphy; Peri-Caspian; Palaeobiogeography
Settore GEO/01 - Paleontologia e Paleoecologia
Settore GEO/02 - Geologia Stratigrafica e Sedimentologica
Settore GEO/03 - Geologia Strutturale
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Balini et al. 2019 Aghdarband light.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Il file corrisponde all'articolo pubblicato, ma è salvato in bassa risoluzione perchè altrimenti eccede al limite dei 10 Mb.
Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 2.51 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.51 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/635083
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 5
social impact