Transhumant pastoralism is one of the dominant production systems in Sahelian countries because of its capacity to adapt to a changing environment. This system involves 70-90% of the Sahel cattle (zebu) and 30-40% of small ruminants and a significant proportion of the population in West Africa. In last few decades, various factors have been seriously influencing these pastoral practices, such as climate changes, demographic and agricultural expansion, land occupation by extractive industry and monocultures, the sedentarisation process and natural resources protection policies. The present paper analyses these factors and the trends of transhumant pastoralism in the Sahel area following these changes. In particular, sustainability and the integration of pastoral systems in a natural resources management of Sahelian environment are reviewed and discussed.

The rights of Sahelian transhumant people / M. Zecchini, S. Mattiello - In: Problems and progress in land, water and resources rights at the beginning of the third millennium / [a cura di] C. Fiamingo. - Broni : Altravista, 2016. - ISBN 9788899688158. - pp. 181-192 (( convegno Land, water & resources rights : global governance among the centrality of human life, environment sustainability and commercial, extractive & industrial production tenutosi a Milano nel 2015.

The rights of Sahelian transhumant people

M. Zecchini
Primo
;
S. Mattiello
Ultimo
2016

Abstract

Transhumant pastoralism is one of the dominant production systems in Sahelian countries because of its capacity to adapt to a changing environment. This system involves 70-90% of the Sahel cattle (zebu) and 30-40% of small ruminants and a significant proportion of the population in West Africa. In last few decades, various factors have been seriously influencing these pastoral practices, such as climate changes, demographic and agricultural expansion, land occupation by extractive industry and monocultures, the sedentarisation process and natural resources protection policies. The present paper analyses these factors and the trends of transhumant pastoralism in the Sahel area following these changes. In particular, sustainability and the integration of pastoral systems in a natural resources management of Sahelian environment are reviewed and discussed.
Settore AGR/19 - Zootecnica Speciale
CRC di UNIMI Sustainability and Human Security (SHuS)
https://www.edizionialtravista.com/problems-and-progress-in-land-water-and-resources-rights-at-the-beginning-of-the-third-millennium-cristiana-fiamingo.html
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/634996
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