Sheep are the most bred species in the Central Italy Apennine using the natural pastures as a trophic resource and grazing activity is fundamental to maintain the grassland biodiversity: this goal can be reached only ensuring an economical sustainability to the farmers. This study aimed to investigate the apelin/apelin receptor system in ovine mammary gland and to evaluate the differences induced by food supplementation, in order to shed light on this system function. A flock of 15 Comisana x Appenninica adult dry ewes were free to graze from June until pasture maximum flowering (MxF). From this period to pasture maximum dryness (MxD), in addition to grazing, the experimental group (Exp) was supplemented with 600 g/day/head of cereals. Apelin and apelin receptor were assessed by Real-Time PCR and immunohistochemistry on the mammary glands of subjects pertaining to MxF, MxD and Exp groups. They were detected in alveolar and ductal epithelial cells. The pasture maximum flowering group showed significant differences in apelin expression compared with experimental and MxD groups. Apelin receptor expression significantly differed among the three groups. The reduced apelin receptor expression and immunoreactivity levels during parenchyma involution enables us to hypothesize that apelin receptor plays a modulating role in the system control.
Apelin system in mammary gland of sheep reared in semi-natural pastures of the central apennines / F. Mercati, M. Maranesi, C. Dall’Aglio, L. Petrucci, R. Pasquariello, F.M. Tardella, E. De Felice, P. Scocco. - In: ANIMALS. - ISSN 2076-2615. - 8:12(2018), pp. 223.1-223.11.
|Titolo:||Apelin system in mammary gland of sheep reared in semi-natural pastures of the central apennines|
|Parole Chiave:||Apelin; Apelin receptor; Apennine grasslands; Drought stress; Mammary gland; Ovis aries; Animal Science and Zoology; Veterinary (all)|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/01 - Anatomia degli Animali Domestici|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani8120223|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|