Background: Angiogenesis has been shown to be strictly related to tumor malignancy. Glioblastoma (GBM) is highly vascularized and von Willebrand Factor (VWF) plays a potent proangiogenic role. Dynamic contrast-enhanced and dynamic susceptibility contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) represent a widely accepted method to assess GBM microvasculature. Our aim was to investigate the correlation between plasma VWF:Ag, permeability, and perfusion MRI parameters and examine their potential in predicting GBM patient prognosis. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed preoperative dynamic contrast-enhanced, dynamic susceptibility contrast MRI, and VWF:Ag level of 26 patients with GBM. We assessed the maximum values of relative cerebral blood flow and volume, volume transfer constant K trans , plasma volume (V p ) and reflux rate constant between fractional volume of the extravascular space and blood plasma (K ep ). Nonparametric Mann-Whitney test and Kaplan-Meier survival analyses were conducted and a P value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The median VWF:Ag value was 248 IU/dL and the median follow-up duration was about 13 months. We divided patients according to low-VWF:Ag and high-VWF:Ag and we found significant differences in the median follow-up duration (19 months vs. 10 months; P = 0.04) and in K trans (0.31/minute vs. 0.53/minute; P = 0.02), and K ep (1.79/minute vs. 3.89/minute; P = 0.005) values. The cumulative 1-year survival was significantly shorter in patients with high-VWF:Ag and high-K ep compared with patients with low-VWF:Ag and low-K ep (37.5% vs. 68%; P = 0.05). Conclusions: These findings, in a small group of patients, suggest a role for VWF:Ag, similar to K trans , and K ep as a prognostic indicator of postoperative survival of patients with GBM.
|Titolo:||Correlation of Preoperative Von Willebrand Factor with Magnetic Resonance Imaging Perfusion and Permeability Parameters as Predictors of Prognosis in Glioblastoma|
MARFIA, GIOVANNI (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Angiogenesis; GBM; K ep; K trans; MRI; VWF; Aged; Biomarkers; Blood Volume; Brain; Brain Neoplasms; Cerebrovascular Circulation; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Glioblastoma; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Prognosis; Retrospective Studies; von Willebrand Factor; Magnetic Resonance Angiography; Surgery; Neurology (clinical)|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/27 - Neurochirurgia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.wneu.2018.09.216|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|