To investigate the roles of insulin, glucose, and oxidative stress on plasma asymmetric and symmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA, SDMA) levels in complicated diabetes, we studied patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D; n = 20), T1D + end-stage renal disease under hemodialysis (T1D + ESRD; n = 12), T1D + ESRD who received kidney transplant (KD; n = 16), and T1D + ESRD who received kidney-pancreas transplant (KP; n = 20) and healthy controls (n = 50). Levels of ADMA, SDMA, and free and total malondialdehyde (MDA) were increased in all patients, with the highest rises for SDMA and free MDA in T1D+ESRD. In KP, the normalized glycemia contributes to the recovery of ADMA, SDMA, and MDA levels toward normal values. From the covariance analyses, both glucose and insulin relate significantly to ADMA in T1D + ESRD (beta = +0.004, beta = -0.038, respectively) and in KP (beta = +0.032, beta = +0.032, respectively). Creatinine clearance and insulin relate to SDMA in all patient groups (beta = -0.006). Our results provide evidence for the effect of kidney-pancreas transplant on the recovery of ADMA, SDMA, and indexes of oxidative stress toward normal values. Only free MDA allows one to discriminate the magnitude of the oxidative status, as increased total MDA could also be attributable to a reduced renal function.
Dimethylarginines in complicated type 1 diabetes: roles of insulin, glucose, and oxidative stress / G.M. Cighetti, I. Fermo, C.S. Aman, M. Ferraroni, A. Secchi, P. Fiorina, R.C. Paroni. - In: FREE RADICAL BIOLOGY & MEDICINE. - ISSN 0891-5849. - 47:3(2009), pp. 307-311. ((Intervento presentato al 16. convegno Annual Meeting of the Society-for-Free-Radical-Biology-and-Medicine tenutosi a San Francisco nel 2009.
|Titolo:||Dimethylarginines in complicated type 1 diabetes: roles of insulin, glucose, and oxidative stress|
CIGHETTI, GIULIANA MARIA (Corresponding)
FIORINA, PAOLO (Penultimo)
PARONI, RITA CLARA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Dimethylarginines; Glucose; Insulin; Oxidative stress; Type 1 diabetes; Free radicals|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2009.05.007|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|