Osteoporosis is a skeletal disorder characterized by loss of bone mass and strength affecting up to 30-50% of postmenopausal women worldwide. Current therapeutic options include antiresorptives such as aminobisphosphonates or denosumab and osteoanabolic compounds such as teriparatide. Areas covered: In this review, the authors summarize the clinical development, safety and efficacy profile of abaloparatide, a new osteoanabolic agent recently marketed in the US for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis in women who are at high risk for fracture or who fail antiresorptive therapy. Expert opinion: Abaloparatide is a 1-34 PTH related peptide-like molecule that has been modified in order to potentiate the osteoanabolic effect. In its pivotal phase 3 trial in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis, subcutaneous abaloparatide 80 mcg/day reduced the risk of vertebral, nonvertebral, major osteoporotic, and clinical fractures compared with placebo and reduced the risk of major osteoporotic fractures compared with teriparatide. These results, together with a reduced prevalence of hypercalcemia and a lower cost of the marketed compound, point toward improved cost effectiveness with abaloparatide versus teriparatide. However, some concerns have been raised due to a somewhat higher occurrence of adverse effects (particularly with palpitations and increased heart rate) or the resultant discontinuation due to these adverse effects when compared to teriparatide.

Efficacy and safety of abaloparatide for the treatment of post-menopausal osteoporosis / D. Merlotti, A. Falchetti, I. Chiodini, L. Gennari. - In: EXPERT OPINION ON PHARMACOTHERAPY. - ISSN 1465-6566. - 20:7(2019 May 03), pp. 805-811. [10.1080/14656566.2019.1583208]

Efficacy and safety of abaloparatide for the treatment of post-menopausal osteoporosis

I. Chiodini;
2019-05-03

Abstract

Osteoporosis is a skeletal disorder characterized by loss of bone mass and strength affecting up to 30-50% of postmenopausal women worldwide. Current therapeutic options include antiresorptives such as aminobisphosphonates or denosumab and osteoanabolic compounds such as teriparatide. Areas covered: In this review, the authors summarize the clinical development, safety and efficacy profile of abaloparatide, a new osteoanabolic agent recently marketed in the US for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis in women who are at high risk for fracture or who fail antiresorptive therapy. Expert opinion: Abaloparatide is a 1-34 PTH related peptide-like molecule that has been modified in order to potentiate the osteoanabolic effect. In its pivotal phase 3 trial in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis, subcutaneous abaloparatide 80 mcg/day reduced the risk of vertebral, nonvertebral, major osteoporotic, and clinical fractures compared with placebo and reduced the risk of major osteoporotic fractures compared with teriparatide. These results, together with a reduced prevalence of hypercalcemia and a lower cost of the marketed compound, point toward improved cost effectiveness with abaloparatide versus teriparatide. However, some concerns have been raised due to a somewhat higher occurrence of adverse effects (particularly with palpitations and increased heart rate) or the resultant discontinuation due to these adverse effects when compared to teriparatide.
Abaloparatide; bone formation; osteoporosis treatment; postmenopausal osteoporosis; teriparatide
Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia
11-mar-2019
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/632355
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