Background: Primary Lateral Sclerosis (PLS) is an adult-onset neurodegenerative disorder due to a selective loss of precentral pyramidal neurons. Our purpose was to evaluate preferential impairment of pyramidal tract to bulbar muscles in patients with PLS and identify a valuable electrophysiological method to help clinicians in the differential diagnosis from Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). Materials and methods: We recorded Motor Evoked Potentials (MEPs) from tongue's and anterior tibialis muscles in six patients with PLS and compared the results, in terms of Central Motor Conduction Time (CMCT), amplitude of MEPs and duration of controlateral silent period (cSP), with those obtained both from ten age-matched healthy volunteers and ten patients affected by ALS. Results: For lower limbs, CMCT resulted significantly increased in PLS and ALS samples compared with healthy subjects (p < 0.01); we did not disclose any difference between ALS and PLS groups (p = 0.417). Instead for tongue's recordings, CMCT, absolute amplitude of MEPs and cSP were significantly altered in PLS patients towards both ALS patients and healthy volunteers. Conclusions: We showed that tongue's MEPs are selectively impaired in PLS. This technique could be helpful to differentiate patients with PLS from those affected by upper motor neuron-predominant variants of ALS. Tongue's MEPs could represent an interesting electrodiagnostic test, potentially useful for the diagnosis of PLS.
Tongue's motor evoked potentials in the diagnosis of Primary Lateral Sclerosis (PLS): Preliminary report / T. Bocci, L. Briscese, E. Giorli, C. Pecori, F. Sartucci. - In: JOURNAL OF THE NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES. - ISSN 0022-510X. - 316:1-2(2012 May 15), pp. 67-71.
|Titolo:||Tongue's motor evoked potentials in the diagnosis of Primary Lateral Sclerosis (PLS): Preliminary report|
|Parole Chiave:||Primary lateral sclerosis; Motor neuron disease; Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; Tongue; Motor evoked potentials|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/26 - Neurologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||15-mag-2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jns.2012.01.028|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|