Flaviviruses are the causative agents of severe diseases such as Dengue or Yellow fever. The replicative machinery used by the virus is based on few enzymes including a methyltransferase, located in the N-terminal domain of the NS5 protein. Flaviviral methyltransferases are involved in the last two steps of the mRNA capping process, transferring a methyl group from S-adenosyl-L-methionine onto the N7 position of the cap guanine (guanine-N7 methyltransferase) and the ribose 2'O position of the first nucleotide following the cap guanine (nucleoside-2'O methyltransferase). The RNA capping process is crucial for mRNA stability, protein synthesis and virus replication. Such an essential function makes methyltransferases attractive targets for the design of antiviral drugs. In this context, starting from the crystal structure of Wesselsbron flavivirus methyltransferase, we elaborated a mechanistic model describing protein/RNA interaction during N7 methyl transfer. Next we used an in silico docking procedure to identify commercially available compounds that would display high affinity for the methyltransferase active site. The best candidates selected were tested in vitro to assay their effective inhibition on 2'O and N7 methyltransferase activities on Wesselsbron and Dengue virus (Dv) methyltransferases. The results of such combined computational and experimental screening approach led to the identification of a high-potency inhibitor.

Flaviviral methyltransferase/RNA interaction: structural basis for enzyme inhibition / M. Milani, E. Mastrangelo, M. Bollati, B. Selisko, E. Decroly, M. Bouvet, B. Canard, M. Bolognesi. - In: ANTIVIRAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 0166-3542. - 83:1(2009), pp. 28-34.

Flaviviral methyltransferase/RNA interaction: structural basis for enzyme inhibition

E. Mastrangelo;M. Bollati;M. Bolognesi
2009

Abstract

Flaviviruses are the causative agents of severe diseases such as Dengue or Yellow fever. The replicative machinery used by the virus is based on few enzymes including a methyltransferase, located in the N-terminal domain of the NS5 protein. Flaviviral methyltransferases are involved in the last two steps of the mRNA capping process, transferring a methyl group from S-adenosyl-L-methionine onto the N7 position of the cap guanine (guanine-N7 methyltransferase) and the ribose 2'O position of the first nucleotide following the cap guanine (nucleoside-2'O methyltransferase). The RNA capping process is crucial for mRNA stability, protein synthesis and virus replication. Such an essential function makes methyltransferases attractive targets for the design of antiviral drugs. In this context, starting from the crystal structure of Wesselsbron flavivirus methyltransferase, we elaborated a mechanistic model describing protein/RNA interaction during N7 methyl transfer. Next we used an in silico docking procedure to identify commercially available compounds that would display high affinity for the methyltransferase active site. The best candidates selected were tested in vitro to assay their effective inhibition on 2'O and N7 methyltransferase activities on Wesselsbron and Dengue virus (Dv) methyltransferases. The results of such combined computational and experimental screening approach led to the identification of a high-potency inhibitor.
Viral methyltransferase ; Flavivirus ; Viral RNA capping ; Methyltransferase inhibition ; Virtual docking
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
ANTIVIRAL RESEARCH
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/63037
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