Background: Few data are available about efficacy and durability of simplification from multi-tablet antiretroviral regimens to co-formulated efavirenz (EFV)/emtricitabine (FTC)/tenofovir (TDF) versus rilpivirine (RPV)/FTC/TDF in virologically suppressed HIV-1-infected patients. Methods: We retrospectively analysed HIV-infected patients with HIV RNA <50 copies/ml switching to co-formulated EFV/FTC/TDF or RPV/FTC/TDF at five Italian centres. Patients were followed from time of switch until regimen discontinuation or a maximum of 3-years follow-up. Time to treatment discontinuation (TD) and virological failure (VF; defined as two consecutive HIV RNA >50 copies/ml or a single determination >1,000 copies/ml) and their predictors were investigated. Results: 1,560 patients were reviewed of which 1,097 (70%) switched to EFV/FTC/TDF and 463 (30%) to RPV/FTC/TDF. During follow-up, VF and TD occurred in 44 (4%) and 242 (22%) patients in EFV/FTC/TDF and in 29 (6%) and 50 (11%) patients in RPV/FTC/TDF, respectively. The 3-year estimated probability of remaining free from VF was 96.2% with EFV/FTC/TDF versus 92.7% with RPV/FTC/TDF (P=0.003). At multivariate analysis, regimen type (EFV/FTC/TDF versus RPV/FTC/TDF aHR 0.24; P=0.004) and time of virological suppression (aHR 0.85; P=0.048) were the only independent predictors of VF. The estimated 3-year probability of remaining free from TD was 77.4% with EFV/FTC/TDF versus 88.4% with RPV/FTC/TDF (P=0.001). Predictors of TD were female sex, switching from PI-based regimens, older age, shorter time of virological suppression and regimen type (EFV/FTC/TDF versus RPV/FTC/TDF aHR 2.48; P<0.001). RPV/FTC/TDF showed a safer lipid profile and a greater increase in creatinine. Conclusions: Both regimens showed good safety and efficacy in this real-life setting, although switch to RPV/ FTC/TDF seemed better tolerated while EFV/FTC/TDF was associated with a lower probability of VF.

3-Year efficacy and durability of simplification to single tablet regimens : a comparison between co-formulated efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir and rilpivirine/emtricitabine/tenofovir / R. Gagliardini, A. Bandera, M. Zaccarelli, G. Sterrantino, A. Latini, A. D’Avino, G. Lapadula, A. Antinori, R. Cauda, A. De Luca, A. Gori, S.D. Giambenedetto, M. Fabbiani. - In: ANTIVIRAL THERAPY. - ISSN 1359-6535. - 23:2(2018), pp. 139-148. [10.3851/IMP3188]

3-Year efficacy and durability of simplification to single tablet regimens : a comparison between co-formulated efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir and rilpivirine/emtricitabine/tenofovir

A. Bandera;G. Lapadula;A. Gori;
2018

Abstract

Background: Few data are available about efficacy and durability of simplification from multi-tablet antiretroviral regimens to co-formulated efavirenz (EFV)/emtricitabine (FTC)/tenofovir (TDF) versus rilpivirine (RPV)/FTC/TDF in virologically suppressed HIV-1-infected patients. Methods: We retrospectively analysed HIV-infected patients with HIV RNA <50 copies/ml switching to co-formulated EFV/FTC/TDF or RPV/FTC/TDF at five Italian centres. Patients were followed from time of switch until regimen discontinuation or a maximum of 3-years follow-up. Time to treatment discontinuation (TD) and virological failure (VF; defined as two consecutive HIV RNA >50 copies/ml or a single determination >1,000 copies/ml) and their predictors were investigated. Results: 1,560 patients were reviewed of which 1,097 (70%) switched to EFV/FTC/TDF and 463 (30%) to RPV/FTC/TDF. During follow-up, VF and TD occurred in 44 (4%) and 242 (22%) patients in EFV/FTC/TDF and in 29 (6%) and 50 (11%) patients in RPV/FTC/TDF, respectively. The 3-year estimated probability of remaining free from VF was 96.2% with EFV/FTC/TDF versus 92.7% with RPV/FTC/TDF (P=0.003). At multivariate analysis, regimen type (EFV/FTC/TDF versus RPV/FTC/TDF aHR 0.24; P=0.004) and time of virological suppression (aHR 0.85; P=0.048) were the only independent predictors of VF. The estimated 3-year probability of remaining free from TD was 77.4% with EFV/FTC/TDF versus 88.4% with RPV/FTC/TDF (P=0.001). Predictors of TD were female sex, switching from PI-based regimens, older age, shorter time of virological suppression and regimen type (EFV/FTC/TDF versus RPV/FTC/TDF aHR 2.48; P<0.001). RPV/FTC/TDF showed a safer lipid profile and a greater increase in creatinine. Conclusions: Both regimens showed good safety and efficacy in this real-life setting, although switch to RPV/ FTC/TDF seemed better tolerated while EFV/FTC/TDF was associated with a lower probability of VF.
Pharmacology; Pharmacology (medical); Infectious Diseases
Settore MED/17 - Malattie Infettive
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/628957
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