Aims To compare the diagnostic accuracy of stress computed tomography myocardial perfusion (CTP) for the detection of significant coronary artery disease with visual approach vs. quantitative analysis with transmural perfusion ratio (TPR) in consecutive symptomatic patients scheduled for invasive coronary angiography (ICA) plus invasive fractional flow reserve (FFR). Methods and results Eighty-eight consecutive symptomatic patients underwent rest coronary computed tomography angiography (cCTA) followed by static stress-CTP. Diagnostic accuracy of cCTA + stress-CTP with visual evaluation and with TPR measurement was calculated and compared with ICA and invasive FFR. Addition of stress-CTP with qualitative evaluation to rest-cCTA showed sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive values, and accuracy at a vessel and patient level of 92%, 92%, 97%, 82%, 92% and 98%, 80%, 97%, 82%, 89%, respectively indicating a significant improvement of specificity, positive predictive value, and accuracy values vs. rest-cCTA in both models. Similarly, addition of stress-CTP with TPR evaluation to rest-cCTA showed sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive values, and accuracy at a vessel and patient level of 84%, 90%, 93%, 76%, 88% and 91%, 71%, 89%, 75%, 81%, respectively indicating a significant improvement of specificity, positive predictive value values vs. rest-cCTA only in a vessel-based model and of positive predictive value in a patient-based model. When cCTA + stress-CTP with qualitative evaluation was compared with cCTA + stress-CTP with TPR estimation, no differences were found in terms of diagnostic performance. Conclusion The addition of stress-CTP with visual evaluation to cCTA imaging has similar diagnostic performance when compared with the quantitative analysis of myocardial perfusion based on TPR measurement.

Quantitative vs. qualitative evaluation of static stress computed tomography perfusion to detect haemodynamically significant coronary artery disease / G. Pontone, D. Andreini, A.I. Guaricci, M. Guglielmo, A. Baggiano, G. Muscogiuri, L. Fusini, M. Soldi, F. Fazzari, C. Berzovini, A. Pasquini, P. Ciancarella, S. Mushtaq, E. Conte, G. Calligaris, S. De Martini, C. Ferrari, S. Galli, L. Grancini, P. Ravagnani, G. Teruzzi, D. Trabattoni, F. Fabbiocchi, A. Lualdi, P. Montorsi, M.G. Rabbat, A.L. Bartorelli, M. Pepi. - In: EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL. CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING. - ISSN 2047-2404. - 19:11(2018), pp. 1244-1252. [10.1093/ehjci/jey111]

Quantitative vs. qualitative evaluation of static stress computed tomography perfusion to detect haemodynamically significant coronary artery disease

G. Pontone;D. Andreini;A. Baggiano;L. Fusini;M. Soldi;S. Mushtaq;E. Conte;A. Lualdi;P. Montorsi;A.L. Bartorelli;
2018

Abstract

Aims To compare the diagnostic accuracy of stress computed tomography myocardial perfusion (CTP) for the detection of significant coronary artery disease with visual approach vs. quantitative analysis with transmural perfusion ratio (TPR) in consecutive symptomatic patients scheduled for invasive coronary angiography (ICA) plus invasive fractional flow reserve (FFR). Methods and results Eighty-eight consecutive symptomatic patients underwent rest coronary computed tomography angiography (cCTA) followed by static stress-CTP. Diagnostic accuracy of cCTA + stress-CTP with visual evaluation and with TPR measurement was calculated and compared with ICA and invasive FFR. Addition of stress-CTP with qualitative evaluation to rest-cCTA showed sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive values, and accuracy at a vessel and patient level of 92%, 92%, 97%, 82%, 92% and 98%, 80%, 97%, 82%, 89%, respectively indicating a significant improvement of specificity, positive predictive value, and accuracy values vs. rest-cCTA in both models. Similarly, addition of stress-CTP with TPR evaluation to rest-cCTA showed sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive values, and accuracy at a vessel and patient level of 84%, 90%, 93%, 76%, 88% and 91%, 71%, 89%, 75%, 81%, respectively indicating a significant improvement of specificity, positive predictive value values vs. rest-cCTA only in a vessel-based model and of positive predictive value in a patient-based model. When cCTA + stress-CTP with qualitative evaluation was compared with cCTA + stress-CTP with TPR estimation, no differences were found in terms of diagnostic performance. Conclusion The addition of stress-CTP with visual evaluation to cCTA imaging has similar diagnostic performance when compared with the quantitative analysis of myocardial perfusion based on TPR measurement.
accuracy; computed tomography; computed tomography perfusion; coronary artery disease; myocardial perfusion; transmural perfusion ratio; Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging; Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/628212
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