Introduction: Joint prosthesis survival is associated with the quality of surrounding bone. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is capable to evaluate areal bone mineral density (BMD) around different prosthetic implants, but no studies evaluated periprosthetic bone around total ankle replacement (TAR). Our aim is to determine the precision of the DXA periprosthetic BMD around TAR. Methodology: Short-term precision was evaluated on 15 consecutive patients. Each ankle was scanned 3 times both in the posteroanterior (PA) and lateral views with a dedicated patient positioning protocol. Up to four squared regions of interest (ROIs) were placed in the periprosthetic bone around tibial and talar implants, with an additional ROI to include the calcaneal body in the lateral scan. Coefficient of variation (CV%) and least significant change were calculated according to the International Society for Clinical Densitometry. Results: The lateral projection showed lower mean CV values compared to the PA projection, with an average precision error of 2.21% (lateral scan) compared to 3.34% (PA scans). Overall, the lowest precision error was found at both “global” ROIs (CV = 1.25% on PA and CV = 1.3% on lateral). The highest CV value on PA was found at the medial aspect of talar side (ROI 3; CV = 4.89%), while on the lateral scan the highest CV value was found on the posterior aspect of talar side (ROI 2; CV = 2.99%). Conclusions: We found very good reproducibility BMD values of periprosthetic bone around TAR, that were comparable or even better compared to other studies that evaluated periprosthetic BMD around different prosthetic implants. DXA can be used to precisely monitor bone density around ankle prostheses, despite further long-term longitudinal studies are required to assess the clinical utility of such measurements.

Precision of Bone Mineral Density Measurements Around Total Ankle Replacement Using Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry / C. Messina, F.G. Usuelli, C. Maccario, C.A. Di Silvestri, S. Gitto, M.C. Cortese, D. Albano, L.M. Sconfienza. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL DENSITOMETRY. - ISSN 1094-6950. - (2019). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1016/j.jocd.2019.01.006]

Precision of Bone Mineral Density Measurements Around Total Ankle Replacement Using Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry

C. Messina
Primo
;
C. Maccario;S. Gitto;L.M. Sconfienza
Ultimo
2019

Abstract

Introduction: Joint prosthesis survival is associated with the quality of surrounding bone. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is capable to evaluate areal bone mineral density (BMD) around different prosthetic implants, but no studies evaluated periprosthetic bone around total ankle replacement (TAR). Our aim is to determine the precision of the DXA periprosthetic BMD around TAR. Methodology: Short-term precision was evaluated on 15 consecutive patients. Each ankle was scanned 3 times both in the posteroanterior (PA) and lateral views with a dedicated patient positioning protocol. Up to four squared regions of interest (ROIs) were placed in the periprosthetic bone around tibial and talar implants, with an additional ROI to include the calcaneal body in the lateral scan. Coefficient of variation (CV%) and least significant change were calculated according to the International Society for Clinical Densitometry. Results: The lateral projection showed lower mean CV values compared to the PA projection, with an average precision error of 2.21% (lateral scan) compared to 3.34% (PA scans). Overall, the lowest precision error was found at both “global” ROIs (CV = 1.25% on PA and CV = 1.3% on lateral). The highest CV value on PA was found at the medial aspect of talar side (ROI 3; CV = 4.89%), while on the lateral scan the highest CV value was found on the posterior aspect of talar side (ROI 2; CV = 2.99%). Conclusions: We found very good reproducibility BMD values of periprosthetic bone around TAR, that were comparable or even better compared to other studies that evaluated periprosthetic BMD around different prosthetic implants. DXA can be used to precisely monitor bone density around ankle prostheses, despite further long-term longitudinal studies are required to assess the clinical utility of such measurements.
DXA; metal removal; periprosthetic BMD; precision; total ankle replacement; Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism; Orthopedics and Sports Medicine; Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging
Settore MED/36 - Diagnostica per Immagini e Radioterapia
2019
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/627864
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