Honeybees (Apis mellifera) evolved social immunity mechanisms based on coordinated behavioral mechanisms for reducing the disease risk in the hive. Among these, Hygienic Behavior (HB) leads to the uncapping and removal of dead, diseased or parasitized brood (Cremer, 2007). The characterization of expression markers of HB could greatly assist in-field selection still incomplete. This work was characterized by a transversal approach: from in-field phenotypic characterization, to expression profiling of selected honeybee brain non-coding (microRNAs) and coding (RNAm) genes to assess differential expression of selected gene targets between selected honeybee families with high and low HB, respectively. After a preliminary work performed in 2015, during spring 2016 honeybee nurses were sampled from 28 hives simultaneously with the evaluation of HB score through freeze-killed brood assay performed with the cooperation of professional honeybee breeders (E. Bonfanti, L. Sesso). The nurses from 16 families (8 with the highest and 8 with the lowest HB scores, respectively) underwent expression analysis of the following target genes potentially linked to HB and/or learning processes: ame-miR-219, ame-miR-276, let-7a (Behura, 2010) ame-miR-932 (Cristino, 2014), and Act5C, Mblk-1 (Takeuchi, 2001) and Obp4 (Chandrasekaran, 2011). The experimental workflow was as follows: 1) dissection and pooling of brains, 2) total RNA extraction, quantification and retrotranscription, 3) RT-quantitative Real Time PCR. The differential expression analysis of the candidate markers, performed after selection of the normalizing gene through geNorm and NormFinder algorithms, highlighted a correlation of OBP4 and ACT5C expression level with HB score.

Candidate molecular markers of hygienic behavior in honeybees (Apis mellifera): an expression study / F. Dell'Orco, E. Facchini, G. Cilia, R. Rizzi, M. Mortarino. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEALTH, ANIMAL SCIENCE & FOOD SAFETY. - ISSN 2283-3927. - 3:suppl. 1(2016 Jun 13), pp. 1-1. ((Intervento presentato al convegno Veterinary and Animal Science Days tenutosi a Milano nel 2016 [10.13130/2283-3927/7096].

Candidate molecular markers of hygienic behavior in honeybees (Apis mellifera): an expression study

F. Dell'Orco;E. Facchini;R. Rizzi;M. Mortarino
2016-06-13

Abstract

Honeybees (Apis mellifera) evolved social immunity mechanisms based on coordinated behavioral mechanisms for reducing the disease risk in the hive. Among these, Hygienic Behavior (HB) leads to the uncapping and removal of dead, diseased or parasitized brood (Cremer, 2007). The characterization of expression markers of HB could greatly assist in-field selection still incomplete. This work was characterized by a transversal approach: from in-field phenotypic characterization, to expression profiling of selected honeybee brain non-coding (microRNAs) and coding (RNAm) genes to assess differential expression of selected gene targets between selected honeybee families with high and low HB, respectively. After a preliminary work performed in 2015, during spring 2016 honeybee nurses were sampled from 28 hives simultaneously with the evaluation of HB score through freeze-killed brood assay performed with the cooperation of professional honeybee breeders (E. Bonfanti, L. Sesso). The nurses from 16 families (8 with the highest and 8 with the lowest HB scores, respectively) underwent expression analysis of the following target genes potentially linked to HB and/or learning processes: ame-miR-219, ame-miR-276, let-7a (Behura, 2010) ame-miR-932 (Cristino, 2014), and Act5C, Mblk-1 (Takeuchi, 2001) and Obp4 (Chandrasekaran, 2011). The experimental workflow was as follows: 1) dissection and pooling of brains, 2) total RNA extraction, quantification and retrotranscription, 3) RT-quantitative Real Time PCR. The differential expression analysis of the candidate markers, performed after selection of the normalizing gene through geNorm and NormFinder algorithms, highlighted a correlation of OBP4 and ACT5C expression level with HB score.
Honeybee; hygienic behavior; microRNA, gene expression; brain
Settore VET/06 - Parassitologia e Malattie Parassitarie degli Animali
Settore AGR/17 - Zootecnica Generale e Miglioramento Genetico
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
7096-21756-1-PB.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 727.1 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
727.1 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/627465
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact