Three different biomarkers (acetylcholinesterase (AChE), ethoxy resorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) and DNA strand breaks) were measured in Zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) specimens collected in April 2005 at six different sampling sites on Lake Maggiore, the second largest Italian lake in terms of depth and volume, in order to assess the spatial variation of exposure to man-made contaminants. Mussels maintained at fixed laboratory conditions were used as controls to eliminate potential interference due to environmental factors. Biomarker data were also supported by the analysis of several chemicals (six dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDTs), 23 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), 14 polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), 11 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and hexachlorobenzene (HCB)) measured in the mussel soft tissues by gas chromatographic analyses. We found a negative correlation between temperature and AChE activity, while any measured environmental or physiological factor seemed to influence EROD activity and DNA strand breaks. A positive relationship was found between EROD activity and all of the measured chemicals, except for PAHs, which correlated with the amount of DNA strand breaks. Significant differences were noted for all biomarkers, both among sampling stations and between control and experimental data, even if the general level of variability was low. The biomarkers showed a distinct pattern of spatial variation, but the evaluation of DNA strand breaks was the strongest discriminating power between sites. In addition, the comparison between AChE and EROD activity measured in 2005 was compared with results obtained in a previous study carried out over the same sampling period in 2003. Results indicated a strong influence of temperature on AChE activity and probable interference of substrate inhibition of EROD activity, pointing out the need to take care in the interpretation of data comparisons. The results obtained with two different metrics used for the measure of DNA strand breaks is also discussed, as well as the relationship between EROD activity data and potential genotoxicity.
Biomarkers in Zebra mussels for monitoring and quality assessment of Lake Maggiore (Italy) / A. Binelli, C. Riva, A. Provini. - In: BIOMARKERS. - ISSN 1354-750X. - 12:4(2007), pp. 349-368.
|Titolo:||Biomarkers in Zebra mussels for monitoring and quality assessment of Lake Maggiore (Italy)|
BINELLI, ANDREA PAOLO (Primo)
RIVA, CONSUELO (Secondo)
PROVINI, ALFREDO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Acetylcholinesterase (AChE); Biomarkers; DNA strand breaks; Ethoxy resorufin-O-deethylase (EROD); Lake Maggiore; Zebra mussel|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/07 - Ecologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13547500701197412|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|