Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is an aggressive malignancy with high mortality rates. Major challenges for OSCC management include development of resistance to therapy and early formation of distant metastases. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) have emerged as important players in both pathologic mechanisms. Increased fucosylation activity and increased expression of fucosylated polysaccharides, such as Sialyl Lewis X (SLex), are associated with invasion and metastasis. However, the role of fucosylation in CSCs has not been elucidated yet. We used the spheroid culture technique to obtain a CSC-enriched population and compared orospheres with adherent cells. We found that orospheres expressed markers of CSCs and metastasis at higher levels, were more invasive and tumorigenic, and were more resistant to cisplatin/radiation than adherent counterparts. We found fucosyltransferases FUT3 and FUT6 highly up-regulated, increased SLexexpression and increased adhesion by shear flow assays in orospheres. Inhibition of fucosylation negatively affected orospheres formation and invasion of oral CSCs. These results confirm that orospheres are enriched in CSCs and that fucosylation is of paramount importance for CSC invasion. In addition, SLexmay play a key role in CSC metastasis. Thus, inhibition of fucosylation may be used to block CSCs and metastatic spread.
Increased fucosylation has a pivotal role in invasive and metastatic properties of head and neck cancer stem cells / V. Desiderio, P. Papagerakis, V. Tirino, L. Zheng, M. Matossian, M.E. Prince, F. Paino, L. Mele, F. Papaccio, R. Montella, G. Papaccio, S. Papagerakis. - In: ONCOTARGET. - ISSN 1949-2553. - 6:1(2015), pp. 71-84.
|Titolo:||Increased fucosylation has a pivotal role in invasive and metastatic properties of head and neck cancer stem cells|
|Parole Chiave:||Cancer stem cells; Cisplatin; Fucosylation; Oral cancer; Radiation; Oncology|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/17 - Istologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.2698|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|