Background: Equine asthma is a disease characterised by reversible airflow obstruction, bronchial hyper-responsiveness and airway inflammation following exposure of susceptible horses to specific airborne agents. Although clinical remission can be achieved in a low-airborne dust environment, repeated exacerbations may lead to irreversible airway remodelling. The available data on the pharmacotherapy of equine asthma result from several small studies, and no head-to-head clinical trials have been conducted among the available medications. Objectives: To assess the impact of the pharmacological interventions in equine asthma and compare the effect of different classes of drugs on lung function. Study design: Pair-wise and network meta-analysis. Methods: Literature searches for clinical trials on the pharmacotherapy of equine asthma were performed. The risk of publication bias was assessed by funnel plots and Egger's test. Changes in maximum transpulmonary or pleural pressure, pulmonary resistance and dynamic lung compliance vs. control were analysed via random-effects models and Bayesian networks. Results: The results obtained from 319 equine asthma-affected horses were extracted from 32 studies. Bronchodilators, corticosteroids and chromones improved maximum transpulmonary or pleural pressure (range: −8.0 to −21.4 cmH2O; P<0.001). Bronchodilators, corticosteroids and furosemide reduced pulmonary resistance (range: −1.2 to −1.9 cmH2O/L/s; P<0.001), and weakly increased dynamic lung compliance. Inhaled β2-adrenoreceptor (β2-AR) agonists and inhaled corticosteroids had the highest probability of being the best therapies. Long-term treatments were more effective than short-term treatments. Main limitations: Weak publication bias was detected. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that long-term treatments with inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting β2-AR agonists may represent the first choice for treating equine asthma. Further high quality clinical trials are needed to clarify whether inhaled bronchodilators should be preferred to inhaled corticosteroids or vice versa, and to investigate the potential superiority of combination therapy in equine asthma.
Pharmacological treatments in asthma-affected horses : a pair-wise and network meta-analysis / L. Calzetta, P. Roncada, D. di Cave, L. Bonizzi, A. Urbani, E. Pistocchini, P. Rogliani, M.G. Matera. - In: EQUINE VETERINARY JOURNAL. - ISSN 0425-1644. - 49:6(2017), pp. 710-717.
|Titolo:||Pharmacological treatments in asthma-affected horses : a pair-wise and network meta-analysis|
|Parole Chiave:||heaves; horse; meta-analysis; therapy; Adrenal Cortex Hormones; Animals; Asthma; Bronchodilator Agents; Horse Diseases; Horses; Equine|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/07 - Farmacologia e Tossicologia Veterinaria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.12680|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|