The Nevado de Toluca is an andesitic to dacitic stratovolcano of Late Pliocene–Holocene age located within the central and eastern sectors of the Trans Mexican Volcanic Belt. Morphostructural analysis, aerial photograph and satellite image interpretation, structural analysis and geological fieldwork were methods used to investigate the relationship between the evolution of the volcano and the tectonic framework of its basement. The study revealed that the area of Nevado de Toluca is affected by three main fault systems that intersect close to the volcanic edifice. These are from oldest to youngest, the Taxco–Querétaro, San Antonio and Tenango fault systems. The NNW–SSE Taxco–Querétaro fault system was active in the area since Early Miocene, and is characterized by right-lateral transtensive movement. Its reactivation during Early toMiddle Pleistocene was responsible for the emplacement of andesitic to dacitic lava flows and domes of La Cieneguilla Supersynthem. The NE–SW San Antonio fault systemwas active during Late Pliocene, before the reactivation of the Taxco–Querétaro fault system, and is characterized by extensional left-lateral oblique-slip kinematics. The youngest is the E–W Tenango fault system that has been active since Late Pleistocene. This fault systemis characterized by transtensive left-lateral strike-slip movement, and partly coeval with the youngest eruptive phase, the Nevado Supersynthem, which formed the present summit cone of the Nevado de Toluca volcano. The stress re-orientation from the Taxco–Querétaro to the Tenango fault system during Late Pleistocene is responsible for the ∼ 1 Ma hiatus in the magmatic activity between 1.15 Ma and 42 ka. After this period of repose, the eruptive style drastically changed from effusive to explosive with the emission of dacitic products. The methodology presented here furnish new data that can be used to better assess the complex structural evolution of this sector of the Trans Mexican Volcanic Belt and to understand the influence of changes in the tectonic setting on the growth of volcanic edifices.
|Titolo:||Tectonic evolution of the central-eastern sector of Trans Mexican volcanic belt and its influence on the eruptive history of the Nevado de Toluca Volcano (Mexico)|
|Parole Chiave:||Nevado de Toluca volcano ; Lerma basin ; morphostructural analysis ; tectonic evolution ; Trans Mexican Volcanic Belt|
|Data di pubblicazione:||10-apr-2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2006.04.023|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|