BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Functional tics, also called psychogenic tics or pseudo-tics, are difficult to diagnose because of the lack of diagnostic criteria and their clinical similarities to organic tics. The aim of the present study was to report a case series of patients with documented functional tics and to describe their clinical characteristics, risk factors and psychiatric comorbidity. Also clinical tips are suggested which might help the differential diagnosis in clinical practice. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eleven patients (mean age at onset 37.2, SD 13.5; three females) were included with a documented or clinically established diagnosis of functional tics, according to consultant neurologists who have specific expertise in functional movement disorders or in tic disorders. Adult onset, absent family history of tics, inability to suppress the movements, lack of premonitory sensations, absence of pali-, echo- and copro-phenomena, presence of blocking tics, the lack of the typical rostrocaudal tic distribution and the coexistence of other functional movement disorders were common in our patients. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that functional tics can be differentiated from organic tics on clinical grounds, although it is also accepted that this distinction can be difficult in certain cases. Clinical clues from history and examination described here might help to identify patients with functional tics.
A positive diagnosis of functional (psychogenic) tics / B. Demartini, L. Ricciardi, I. Parees, C. Ganos, K. Bhatia, M. Edwards. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY. - ISSN 1351-5101. - 22:3(2015 Mar), pp. 527-532.
|Titolo:||A positive diagnosis of functional (psychogenic) tics|
DEMARTINI, BENEDETTA (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||functional; psychogenic; tics|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/25 - Psichiatria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mar-2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ene.12609|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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