We study networks of communicating learning agents that cooperate to solve a common nonstochastic bandit problem. Agents use an underlying communication network to get messages about actions selected by other agents, and drop messages that took more than d hops to arrive, where d is a delay parameter. We introduce Exp3-Coop, a cooperative version of the Exp3 algorithm and prove that with K actions and N agents the average per-agent regret after T rounds is at most of order root(d + 1 + K/N alpha(<= d)) (T ln K), where alpha(<= d) is the independence number of the d-th power of the communication graph G. We then show that for any connected graph, for d = root K the regret bound is K-1/4 root T, strictly better than the minimax regret root KT for noncooperating agents. More informed choices of d lead to bounds which are arbitrarily close to the full information minimax regret root T ln K when G is dense. When G has sparse components, we show that a variant of Exp3-Coop, allowing agents to choose their parameters according to their centrality in G, strictly improves the regret. Finally, as a by-product of our analysis, we provide the first characterization of the minimax regret for bandit learning with delay
Delay and Cooperation in Nonstochastic Bandits / N. Cesa-Bianchi, C. Gentile, Y. Mansour. - In: JOURNAL OF MACHINE LEARNING RESEARCH. - ISSN 1533-7928. - 20:17(2019), pp. 1.1-1.38.
|Titolo:||Delay and Cooperation in Nonstochastic Bandits|
CESA BIANCHI, NICOLO' ANTONIO (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||Multi-armed bandits; distributed learning; cooperative multi-agent systems; regret minimization; LOCAL communication|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore INF/01 - Informatica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|