Mechanism of renal fibrosis leading to end stage kidney remains still a challenge of interest in humans. The pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease is characterized by progressive loss of kidney function and fibrosis. The mechanism of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been predominantly studied in in vitro studies, and we previously demonstrated the EMT of tubular epithelial cells in dogs. In this study, we examined and quantified the modifications of cadherin-catenin complex by immunohistochemistry of E-cadherin and β-catenin and the mesenchymal marker vimentin in 25 dogs with three different spontaneous inflammatory renal diseases. Results showed a significant down-expression of levels of E-cadherin and β-catenin directly correlated with the tubular-interstitial damage (TID). In TID grades 2 and 3, E-cadherin expression was significantly reduced (p<0.001). β-catenin expression was overall similar to E-cadherin. The mesenchymal-associated protein, vimentin, was de novo identified in tubules within areas of inflammation. In this work, we identified the loss of cadherin or catenin expression as a progressive mechanism in tubulo-interstitial fibrosis, which allows dissociation of structural integrity of renal epithelia and loss of epithelial polarity. The dog might result more significant as model for new therapies.
|Titolo:||Dog as model for down-expression of E-cadherin and beta-catenin in tubular epithelial cells in renal fibrosis|
|Parole Chiave:||Adhesion molecule; Canine; Fibrosis|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/03 - Patologia Generale e Anatomia Patologica Veterinaria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s00428-008-0684-8|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|