We investigated beta-endorphin (BE) content in an HIV-infected cell line and in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBM) from HIV-positive subjects. HIV infection increased BE content in HuT78 cell line compared to uninfected cells. Accordingly, BE content was greater in HIV-positive subjects than in healthy controls, both in fresh PBM and in mitogen-stimulated or unstimulated cultured cells. Further, in PHA-stimulated cultures, BE increase was correlated with disease progression. Opioids are known to decrease immune responsiveness in vivo, and it may be that the increased BE concentrations contribute to HIV-associated immune deficiency. In HIV-positive subjects, but not in healthy controls, intracellular BE concentration was positively correlated with PHA-induced PBM proliferation. The latter data suggest an alternative explanation: that the increased BE content represents a paradoxical response of the host in an attempt to balance virus-induced immunodepression. Thus, BE may be important in fine-tuning of the immune response with its up- and downregulation dependent upon differences in immune status.
Beta-endorphin content in HIV-infected HuT78 cell line and in peripheral lymphocytes from HIV-positive subjects / W. Barcellini, P. Sacerdote, M.O. Borghi, G.P. Rizzardi, C. Fain, C. De Giuli Morghen, B. Manfredi, A. Lazzarin, P. Meroni, A.E. Panerai, C. Zanussi. - In: PEPTIDES. - ISSN 0196-9781. - 15:5(1994), pp. 769-775.
|Titolo:||Beta-endorphin content in HIV-infected HuT78 cell line and in peripheral lymphocytes from HIV-positive subjects|
PANERAI, ALBERTO EMILIO (Penultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1994|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0196-9781(94)90028-0|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|