Lung transplantation remains the definitive curative treatment for end-stage lung disease. However, future applications of tissue bioengineering could overcome the donor organ shortage and the need for immunosuppression. The final goal of lung tissue engineering is to recreate the whole spectrum of specialized lung tissues and thereby provide physiologic functions through bioengineered conducting airways, vasculature and gas exchange tissue. This review focuses on ongoing research in artificial lung development, open questions, achievements to date and how tissue engineering and stem cell technology may further contribute to the clinical application of bioartificial lungs. Although experimental transplantation of bioartificial lung developed by perfusing decellularized or synthetic scaffolds has been shown to provide gas exchange in vivo over a prolonged period, it should be clearly acknowledged that the development of a transplantable bioartificial lung is far from reality.

Artificial lung / F. Petrella, L. Spaggiari. - In: JOURNAL OF THORACIC DISEASE. - ISSN 2072-1439. - 10:Suppl. 20(2018 Jul 01), pp. S2329-S2332.

Artificial lung

Petrella F;Spaggiari l
2018-07-01

Abstract

Lung transplantation remains the definitive curative treatment for end-stage lung disease. However, future applications of tissue bioengineering could overcome the donor organ shortage and the need for immunosuppression. The final goal of lung tissue engineering is to recreate the whole spectrum of specialized lung tissues and thereby provide physiologic functions through bioengineered conducting airways, vasculature and gas exchange tissue. This review focuses on ongoing research in artificial lung development, open questions, achievements to date and how tissue engineering and stem cell technology may further contribute to the clinical application of bioartificial lungs. Although experimental transplantation of bioartificial lung developed by perfusing decellularized or synthetic scaffolds has been shown to provide gas exchange in vivo over a prolonged period, it should be clearly acknowledged that the development of a transplantable bioartificial lung is far from reality.
Artificial lung; regenerative medicine; stem cell
Settore MED/21 - Chirurgia Toracica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/622095
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