The use of Beauveria bassiana in biological control of agricultural pests is mainly hampered by environmental factors, such as elevated temperatures and low humidity. These limitations, further amplified in a global warming scenario, could nullify biological control strategies based on this fungus. The identification of thermotolerant B. bassiana isolates represents a possible strategy to overcome this problem. In this study, in order to maximize the probability in the isolation of thermotolerant B. bassiana, soil samples and infected insects were collected in warm areas of Syria. The obtained fungal isolates were tested for different biological parameters (i.e., growth rate, sporulation and spore germination) at growing temperatures ranging from 20˚C to 35˚C. Among these isolates (eight from insects and 11 from soil samples), the five with the highest growth rate, spore production and germination at 30˚C were tested for their entomopathogenicity through in vivo assays on Ephestia kuehniella larvae. Insect mortality induced by the five isolates ranged from 31% to 100%. Two isolates, one from Phyllognathus excavatus and one from soil, caused 50% of the larval mortality in less than four days, reaching values exceeding 92% in ten days. These two isolates were molecularly identified as B. bassiana sensu stricto by using three markers (i.e., ITS, Bloc and EF1-α). Considering these promising results, further studies are ongoing, testing their efficiency in field conditions as control agents for agricultural insect pests in Mediterranean and Subtropical regions.
Thermotolerant isolates of Beauveria bassiana as potential control agent of insect pest in subtropical climates / S. Alali, V. Mereghetti, F. Faoro, S. Bocchi, F. Al Azmeh, M. Montagna. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - 14:2(2019 Feb 01).
|Titolo:||Thermotolerant isolates of Beauveria bassiana as potential control agent of insect pest in subtropical climates|
ALALI, SUMER (Primo)
MEREGHETTI, VALERIA (Secondo)
MONTAGNA, MATTEO (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/11 - Entomologia Generale e Applicata|
Settore AGR/16 - Microbiologia Agraria
Settore BIO/07 - Ecologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||1-feb-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0211457|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|