Purpose of Review: The aim of this review is to provide an update of the therapeutic tools for thrombotic anti-phospholipid syndrome (APS), focusing on the last 5 years. Recent Findings: Early studies appointed anticoagulation at moderate intensity as the mainstay of treatment of thrombotic APS; in the last 5 years, the strategy has not much mutated. Some uncertainties regarding the role of direct oral anticoagulants and the optimal regimen for arterial thrombotic APS still persist: high-intensity anticoagulation, anticoagulation plus anti-platelet agent, and double anti-platelet agents being the possible alternatives. Several drugs have been proposed as effective additional tools for the management of thrombotic APS: hydroxychloroquine, statins, vitamin D, and sirolimus might be beneficial when added on the top of anticoagulation. Pregnant women with thrombotic APS should be switched to low-dose aspirin plus low molecular weight heparin at therapeutic dose. Despite adequate treatment, APS patients display a significant rate of recurrences; rituximab, eculizumab, and intravenous immunoglobulins are among the options to be considered for these patients. Summary: From 2013 to date, the kaleidoscope of therapeutic options in thrombotic APS has been enriched, but tangible improvements in the management of patients are still awaited.

Thrombosis and Anti-phospholipid Syndrome: a 5-Year Update on Treatment / C.B. Chighizola, P.L. Meroni. - In: CURRENT RHEUMATOLOGY REPORTS. - ISSN 1523-3774. - 20:7(2018 Jul 01).

Thrombosis and Anti-phospholipid Syndrome: a 5-Year Update on Treatment

Chighizola, Cecilia Beatrice;
2018-07-01

Abstract

Purpose of Review: The aim of this review is to provide an update of the therapeutic tools for thrombotic anti-phospholipid syndrome (APS), focusing on the last 5 years. Recent Findings: Early studies appointed anticoagulation at moderate intensity as the mainstay of treatment of thrombotic APS; in the last 5 years, the strategy has not much mutated. Some uncertainties regarding the role of direct oral anticoagulants and the optimal regimen for arterial thrombotic APS still persist: high-intensity anticoagulation, anticoagulation plus anti-platelet agent, and double anti-platelet agents being the possible alternatives. Several drugs have been proposed as effective additional tools for the management of thrombotic APS: hydroxychloroquine, statins, vitamin D, and sirolimus might be beneficial when added on the top of anticoagulation. Pregnant women with thrombotic APS should be switched to low-dose aspirin plus low molecular weight heparin at therapeutic dose. Despite adequate treatment, APS patients display a significant rate of recurrences; rituximab, eculizumab, and intravenous immunoglobulins are among the options to be considered for these patients. Summary: From 2013 to date, the kaleidoscope of therapeutic options in thrombotic APS has been enriched, but tangible improvements in the management of patients are still awaited.
Anti-phospholipid antibodies; Anti-phospholipid syndrome; Thrombosis; Treatment; Update; Rheumatology
Settore MED/16 - Reumatologia
CURRENT RHEUMATOLOGY REPORTS
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/621927
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