Developmental events across the prokaryotic life cycle are highly regulated at the transcriptional and posttranslational levels. Key elements of a few regulatory networks are conserved among phylogenetic groups of bacteria, although the features controlled by these conserved systems are as diverse as the organisms encoding them. In this work, we probed the role of the CtrA regulatory network, conserved throughout the Alphaproteobacteria, in the magnetotactic bacterium Magnetospirillum magneticum strain AMB-1, which possesses unique intracellular organization and compartmentalization. While we have shown that CtrA in AMB-1 is not essential for viability, it is required for motility, and its putative phosphorylation state dictates the ability of CtrA to activate the flagellar biosynthesis gene cascade. Gene expression analysis of strains expressing active and inactive CtrA alleles points to the composition of the extended CtrA regulon, including both direct and indirect targets. These results, combined with a bioinformatic study of the AMB-1 genome, enabled the prediction of an AMB-1-specific CtrA binding site. Further, phylogenetic studies comparing CtrA sequences from alphaproteobacteria in which the role of CtrA has been experimentally examined reveal an ancestral role of CtrA in the regulation of motility and suggest that its essential functions in other alphaproteobacteria were acquired subsequently.

Analysis of the CtrA Pathway in Magnetospirillum Reveals an Ancestral Role in Motility in Alphaproteobacteria / S. Greene, M. Brilli, E. Biondi, A. Komeili. - In: JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY. - ISSN 0021-9193. - 194:11(2012), pp. 2973-2986.

Analysis of the CtrA Pathway in Magnetospirillum Reveals an Ancestral Role in Motility in Alphaproteobacteria

M. Brilli;
2012

Abstract

Developmental events across the prokaryotic life cycle are highly regulated at the transcriptional and posttranslational levels. Key elements of a few regulatory networks are conserved among phylogenetic groups of bacteria, although the features controlled by these conserved systems are as diverse as the organisms encoding them. In this work, we probed the role of the CtrA regulatory network, conserved throughout the Alphaproteobacteria, in the magnetotactic bacterium Magnetospirillum magneticum strain AMB-1, which possesses unique intracellular organization and compartmentalization. While we have shown that CtrA in AMB-1 is not essential for viability, it is required for motility, and its putative phosphorylation state dictates the ability of CtrA to activate the flagellar biosynthesis gene cascade. Gene expression analysis of strains expressing active and inactive CtrA alleles points to the composition of the extended CtrA regulon, including both direct and indirect targets. These results, combined with a bioinformatic study of the AMB-1 genome, enabled the prediction of an AMB-1-specific CtrA binding site. Further, phylogenetic studies comparing CtrA sequences from alphaproteobacteria in which the role of CtrA has been experimentally examined reveal an ancestral role of CtrA in the regulation of motility and suggest that its essential functions in other alphaproteobacteria were acquired subsequently.
Bacterial-cell-cycle; CCRM DNA methyltransferase; probe level data; alpha-proteobacteria; rhodobacter-capsulatus; magnetite formation; maximum-likelihood; response regulator; brucella-abortus; genetic exchange
Settore BIO/19 - Microbiologia Generale
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/621266
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