For reaching very high magnetic fields in fully superconducting magnets, beyond 16 T for particle accelerators dipoles and beyond 23 T for solenoids, the use of higherature superconductors (HTS) is unavoidable. Due to the high minimum quench energy in HTS these coils are much more difficult to protect against quenches using conventional methods, such as quench heaters or coupling loss induced quench (CLIQ). Although it is possible to use a dump resistor on a short HTS magnet, extracting the energy externally, this does not provide a solution for longer magnets or magnets operated in a string, because the extraction voltage becomes unacceptably high. Here, a method named E3SPreSSO (External Energy Extraction Symbiotic Protection System for Series Operation) is proposed that allows for fast energy extraction in HTS magnets. The E3SPreSSO comprises of units with a near-zero self-inductance superconducting circuit, connected in series with the main magnet. When the protection is triggered, these devices are turned resistive, using quench heaters, overcurrent or CLIQ, causing them to absorb the energy of the system. The units can be located outside the main magnet and do not generate magnetic field. Therefore, it is possible to use relatively cost-efficient and robust Nb-Ti or possibly MgB2 (at higher temperatures). This paper introduces the concept and provides an analytical method weighing the different options for designing the E3SPreSSO units themselves.
A fast quench protection system for higherature superconducting magnets / J. Van Nugteren, J. Murtomaki, J. Ruuskanen, G. Kirby, P. Hagen, G. De Rijk, H.T. Kate, L. Bottura, L. Rossi. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON APPLIED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY. - ISSN 1051-8223. - 29:1(2019), pp. 8387462.1-8387462.8.
|Titolo:||A fast quench protection system for higherature superconducting magnets|
ROSSI, LUCIO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Higherature-superconductors (HTS); quench protection; superconducting magnets; switch; Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials; Condensed Matter Physics; Electrical and Electronic Engineering|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/01 - Fisica Sperimentale|
Settore FIS/04 - Fisica Nucleare e Subnucleare
Settore FIS/07 - Fisica Applicata(Beni Culturali, Ambientali, Biol.e Medicin)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TASC.2018.2848229|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|