The canarypox (CP) and fowlpox (FP) viruses, which are unable to replicate productively in non-avian species, have been utilized as live vectors carrying the HIV-1SF2 env gene with the putative immunosuppressive (IS) region complete (CPIS+ and FPIS+) or deleted (CPIS- and FPIS-). To determine if these avipox-env recombinants could be utilized to elicit a specific immune response against HIV-1, six groups of rabbits were immunized with CPIS+, CPIS-, FPIS+, FPIS- constructs or their non-engineered wild-type CPwt or FPwt counterparts. After a primary inoculation and successive boosters, env-specific humoral and cell-mediated immunity were demonstrated by ELISA, immunoblots and lymphoproliferation assays. Antibody titres and neutralization activities were higher in CP- than FP-inoculated rabbits, the CPIS+ always showing a similar immunogenic capacity to CPIS-. Evidence is also presented indicating that rabbit sera possess group-specific antibodies, which were, however, unable to cross-neutralize divergent HIV-1 strains. Although the protective capacity against HIV-1 experimental infection has not yet been determined in these animals, our results suggest that these recombinants might represent promising and safer candidate vaccines against HIV-1.

Humoral and cell-mediated immunity in rabbits immunized with live non-replicating avipox recombinants expressing the HIV-1SF2 env gene / A. Radaelli, M. Gimelli, C. Cremonesi, C. Scarpini, C. De Giuli Morghen. - In: VACCINE. - ISSN 0264-410X. - 12:12(1994 Sep), pp. 1110-1117. [10.1016/0264-410X(94)90181-3]

Humoral and cell-mediated immunity in rabbits immunized with live non-replicating avipox recombinants expressing the HIV-1SF2 env gene

A. Radaelli
Primo
;
C. De Giuli Morghen
Ultimo
1994-09

Abstract

The canarypox (CP) and fowlpox (FP) viruses, which are unable to replicate productively in non-avian species, have been utilized as live vectors carrying the HIV-1SF2 env gene with the putative immunosuppressive (IS) region complete (CPIS+ and FPIS+) or deleted (CPIS- and FPIS-). To determine if these avipox-env recombinants could be utilized to elicit a specific immune response against HIV-1, six groups of rabbits were immunized with CPIS+, CPIS-, FPIS+, FPIS- constructs or their non-engineered wild-type CPwt or FPwt counterparts. After a primary inoculation and successive boosters, env-specific humoral and cell-mediated immunity were demonstrated by ELISA, immunoblots and lymphoproliferation assays. Antibody titres and neutralization activities were higher in CP- than FP-inoculated rabbits, the CPIS+ always showing a similar immunogenic capacity to CPIS-. Evidence is also presented indicating that rabbit sera possess group-specific antibodies, which were, however, unable to cross-neutralize divergent HIV-1 strains. Although the protective capacity against HIV-1 experimental infection has not yet been determined in these animals, our results suggest that these recombinants might represent promising and safer candidate vaccines against HIV-1.
Avipox-env recombinants; HIV-1; immunity
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/62090
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