OBJECTIVES: Current automated external defibrillations require interruptions in chest compressions to avoid artifacts during electrocardiographic analyses and to minimize the risk of accidental delivery of an electric shock to the rescuer. The earlier three-shock algorithm, with prolonged interruptions of chest compressions, compromised outcomes and increased severity of postresuscitation myocardial dysfunction. In the present study, we investigated the effect of timing of minimal automated external defibrillation-mandated interruptions of chest compressions on cardiopulmonary resuscitation outcomes, using a single-shock algorithm. We hypothesized that an 8-sec interruption of chest compressions for a single shock, as mandated by automated external defibrillations, would not impair initial resuscitation and outcomes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. DESIGN: Randomized prospective animal study. SETTING: University affiliated research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Domestic pigs. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: In 24 domestic male pigs weighing 41 +/- 2 kg, ventricular fibrillation was induced by left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion and untreated for 7 min. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, including chest compressions and ventilation with oxygen, was then performed for an interval of 2 min before attempted defibrillation. Animals were randomized into three groups: A) interruption immediately before defibrillation; B) interruption after 1 min of cardiopulmonary resuscitation; or C) no interruption. Chest compressions were delivered with the aid of a mechanical chest compressor at a rate of 100 compressions/min and compression/ventilation ratio of 30:2. Defibrillation was attempted with a single biphasic 150-J shock. Each animal was successfully resuscitated and survived for >72 hr. No differences in the number of shocks before return of spontaneous circulation, frequency of recurrent ventricular fibrillation, duration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and severity of postresuscitation myocardial dysfunction were observed. CONCLUSIONS: In this experimental model of cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation, minimal automated external defibrillation-mandated interruption of chest compressions for a single-shock algorithm did not have adverse effects on postresuscitation myocardial or neurologic function. All animals, whether subjected to cardiopulmonary resuscitation interruptions or not, survived.
Minimal interruption of cardiopulmonary resuscitation for a single shock as mandated by automated external defibrillations does not compromise outcomes in a porcine model of cardiac arrest and resuscitation / G. Ristagno, W. Tang, J. Russell, D. Jorgenson, H. Wang, S. Sun, M. Weil. - In: CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE. - ISSN 0090-3493. - 36:11(2008), pp. 3048-3053.
|Titolo:||Minimal interruption of cardiopulmonary resuscitation for a single shock as mandated by automated external defibrillations does not compromise outcomes in a porcine model of cardiac arrest and resuscitation|
|Parole Chiave:||automated external defribillation; cardiac arrest; ventricular fibrillation; cardiopulmonary resuscitation; chest compressions; defibrillation; myocardial function; survival; outcome|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/41 - Anestesiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CCM.0b013e318186f612|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|