Tendon tears are a relevant concern for today’s national health systems because of their social impact and high recurrence rate. The current gold standard for fixing tendon tears is surgical repair; however, this strategy is not able to fully re-establish tendon integrity and functionality. Tissue engineering approaches aim at promoting tissue regeneration by delivering the opportune signals to the injured site combining biomaterials, cells and biochemical cues. Electrospinning is currently one of the most versatile polymer processing techniques that allows manufacturing of nano- and micro-fibres substrates. Such fibrous morphology is deemed to be an ideal substrate to convey topographical cues to cells. Here we evaluated the potential of polycaprolactone processed by means of electrospinning technology for tendon tissue engineering. Fibrous free-of-defects substrate with random and aligned fibres were successfully fabricated. Rat tenocytes were used to assess the cytocompatibility of the substrates for application as tendon tissue engineered devices. Tenocytes were able to proliferate and adapt to the substrates topography acquiring an elongated morphology, which is the precondition for oriented collagen deposition, when seeded on aligned fibres. Real time Polymerase Chain Reaction (Rt-PCR) also revealed the overall maintenance of tenocyte phenotype over 7 days culture. To verify suitability for in vivo implantation, the level of inflammatory cytokine genes expressed by THP-1 cells cultured in presence of electrospun polycaprolactone substrates was evaluated. Inflammatory response was limited. The novel preliminary in vitro work presented herein showing tenocytes compatibility and limited inflammatory cytokines synthesis suggests that electrospun polycaprolactone may be taken into consideration as substrate for tendon healing applications.

Anisotropic cytocompatible electrospun scaffold for tendon tissue engineering elicits limited inflammatory response in vitro / A. Fotticchia, D. Musson, C. Lenardi, E. Demirci, Y. Liu. - In: JOURNAL OF BIOMATERIALS APPLICATIONS. - ISSN 0885-3282. - 33:1(2018), pp. 127-139.

Anisotropic cytocompatible electrospun scaffold for tendon tissue engineering elicits limited inflammatory response in vitro

Lenardi, Cristina;
2018

Abstract

Tendon tears are a relevant concern for today’s national health systems because of their social impact and high recurrence rate. The current gold standard for fixing tendon tears is surgical repair; however, this strategy is not able to fully re-establish tendon integrity and functionality. Tissue engineering approaches aim at promoting tissue regeneration by delivering the opportune signals to the injured site combining biomaterials, cells and biochemical cues. Electrospinning is currently one of the most versatile polymer processing techniques that allows manufacturing of nano- and micro-fibres substrates. Such fibrous morphology is deemed to be an ideal substrate to convey topographical cues to cells. Here we evaluated the potential of polycaprolactone processed by means of electrospinning technology for tendon tissue engineering. Fibrous free-of-defects substrate with random and aligned fibres were successfully fabricated. Rat tenocytes were used to assess the cytocompatibility of the substrates for application as tendon tissue engineered devices. Tenocytes were able to proliferate and adapt to the substrates topography acquiring an elongated morphology, which is the precondition for oriented collagen deposition, when seeded on aligned fibres. Real time Polymerase Chain Reaction (Rt-PCR) also revealed the overall maintenance of tenocyte phenotype over 7 days culture. To verify suitability for in vivo implantation, the level of inflammatory cytokine genes expressed by THP-1 cells cultured in presence of electrospun polycaprolactone substrates was evaluated. Inflammatory response was limited. The novel preliminary in vitro work presented herein showing tenocytes compatibility and limited inflammatory cytokines synthesis suggests that electrospun polycaprolactone may be taken into consideration as substrate for tendon healing applications.
electrospinning; immunoresponse; nanofibres; polycaprolactone; Tendon; tissue engineering; Biomaterials; Biomedical Engineering
Settore FIS/07 - Fisica Applicata(Beni Culturali, Ambientali, Biol.e Medicin)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/620181
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