OBJECTIVE: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support has been suggested to improve the survival rate in patients with refractory in- and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA and OHCA). The aim of our study is to report our experience with ECMO in these patients. DESIGN: Retrospective, single-centre, observational study. PATIENTS: From January 2006 to February 2011 we studied 42 patients (31 males) with refractory cardiac arrest. MEASUREMENT AND MAIN RESULTS: ECMO implantation was successful in 38 (90%) of the 42 patients. ECMO support was positioned: three times (8%) in the operating room, six (16%) in the cardiac surgery intensive care unit, 21 (55%) in the emergency room, five (13%) in the catheterisation laboratory and three (8%) in the general ward. A total of 14 IHCA (58%) and three OHCA (16%) patients were weaned from ECMO (p<0.05). Eleven IHCA (46%) and one OHCA (5%, p<0.05) patients were discharged from intensive care unit (ICU). Among IHCA patients, 10 were alive at 6 months, nine of whom (38%) with good neurological outcome. Among OHCA patients weaned from ECMO, one was alive at 6 months with good neurological outcome (5%, p<0.05 vs. IHCA). CONCLUSIONS: ECMO support should be considered as a resuscitation alternative in selected patients. More specifically, patients with witnessed IHCA benefit more from ECMO treatment compared to those who experience an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.
|Titolo:||Favourable survival of in-hospital compared to out-of-hospital refractory cardiac arrest patients treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation : an Italian tertiary care centre experience|
|Parole Chiave:||Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation; Cardiac arrest; Cardiopulmonary resuscitation; Advanced cardiac life support; Extracorporeal assistance|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/41 - Anestesiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.resuscitation.2011.10.013|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|