Objective: We investigated the effects of three different sites for delivery of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in a rat model of myocardial ischemia. Design: Prospective, randomized, controlled study. Setting, University affiliated research institute. Subjects. Male Sprague-Dawley rats. Interventions. A thoracotomy was performed under general anesthesia. Myocardial ischemia was induced by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. One month later, animals were randomized to receive 5 x 106 MSCs labeled with PKH26 in phosphate buffer solution or phosphate buffer solution alone as a placebo by injection into right femoral vein, directly into the left ventricular (LV) cavity, or into the ischemic zone in the anterior ventricular free wall. Measurements and Main Results. Echocardiographically measured myocardial function, including ejection fraction and fractional shortening, was quantitated 2 wks and 4 wks after administering MSCs or phosphate buffer solution. Hemodynamics, including cardiac index, LV dP/dt(40), LV negative dP/dt, and LV diastolic pressure were measured 4 wks after administering MSCs or phosphate buffer solution. MSCs were counted in 5-mu m sections obtained with cryostat from each harvested heart. Significant improvements in ejection fraction, fractional shortening, cardiac index, LV dP/dt(40), LV negative dP/dt, and LV diastolic pressure followed injection of MSCs, regardless of the site of injection. However, the number of MSCs counted in the heart sections was significantly greater after direct myocardial injection. Conclusions: Independently of the site of injection and regardless of the different concentration of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells identified in the myocardium, myocardial function was comparably improved in all groups of animals treated with MSCs.
Intravenous infusion of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells improves myocardial function in a rat model of myocardial ischemia / T. Wang, W. Tang, S. Sun, G. Ristagno, Z. Huang, M. Weil. - In: CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE. - ISSN 0090-3493. - 35:11(2007), pp. 2587-2593.
|Titolo:||Intravenous infusion of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells improves myocardial function in a rat model of myocardial ischemia|
|Parole Chiave:||bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells; myocardial ischemia; myocardial function; intravenous; intraventricular; intramyocardial; stain|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/41 - Anestesiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.CCM.0000285992.99391.7E|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|