Theory of superfluid 4He shows that, due to strong correlations and backflow effects, the density profile of a vortex line has the character of a density modulation and it is not a simple rarefaction region as found in clouds of cold bosonic atoms.We find that the basic features of this density modulation are represented by a wave packet of cylindrical symmetry in which rotons with a positive group velocity have a dominant role: The vortex density modulation can be viewed as a cloud of virtual excitations, mainly rotons, sustained by the phase of the vortex wave function. This suggests that in a vortex reconnection some of these rotons become real so that a vortex tangle is predicted to be a source of nonthermal rotons. The presence of such vorticity induced rotons can be verified by measurements at low temperature of quantum evaporation of 4He atoms. We estimate the rate of evaporation and this turns out to be detectable by current instrumentation. Additional information on the microscopic processes in the decay of quantum turbulence will be obtained if quantum evaporation by high energy phonons should be detected.

Probing quantum turbulence in 4He by quantum evaporation measurements / I. Amelio, D.E. Galli, L. Reatto. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS. - ISSN 0031-9007. - 121(2018 Jul 05), pp. 015302.015302-1-015302.015302-5. [10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.015302]

Probing quantum turbulence in 4He by quantum evaporation measurements

D.E. Galli
Penultimo
;
L. Reatto
Ultimo
2018-07-05

Abstract

Theory of superfluid 4He shows that, due to strong correlations and backflow effects, the density profile of a vortex line has the character of a density modulation and it is not a simple rarefaction region as found in clouds of cold bosonic atoms.We find that the basic features of this density modulation are represented by a wave packet of cylindrical symmetry in which rotons with a positive group velocity have a dominant role: The vortex density modulation can be viewed as a cloud of virtual excitations, mainly rotons, sustained by the phase of the vortex wave function. This suggests that in a vortex reconnection some of these rotons become real so that a vortex tangle is predicted to be a source of nonthermal rotons. The presence of such vorticity induced rotons can be verified by measurements at low temperature of quantum evaporation of 4He atoms. We estimate the rate of evaporation and this turns out to be detectable by current instrumentation. Additional information on the microscopic processes in the decay of quantum turbulence will be obtained if quantum evaporation by high energy phonons should be detected.
Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/619655
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