Newly isolated strains of the ciliate Paramecium calkinsi and their cytoplasmic bacterial endosymbionts were characterized by a multidisciplinary approach, including live observation, ultrastructural investigation, and molecular analysis. Despite morphological resemblance, the characterized P. calkinsi strains showed a significant molecular divergence compared to conspecifics, possibly hinting for a cryptic speciation. The endosymbionts were clearly found to be affiliated to the species “Candidatus Trichorickettsia mobilis” (Rickettsiales, Rickettsiaceae), currently encompassing only bacteria retrieved in an obligate intracellular association with other ciliates. However, a relatively high degree of intraspecific divergence was observed as well, thus it was possible to split “Candidatus Trichorickettsia” into three subspecies, one of which represented so far only by the newly characterized endosymbionts of P. calkinsi. Other features distinguished the members of each different subspecies. In particular, the endosymbionts of P. calkinsi resided in the cytoplasm and possessed numerous peritrichous flagella, although no motility was evidenced, whereas their conspecifics in other hosts were either cytoplasmic and devoid of flagella, or macronuclear, displaying flagellar-driven motility. Moreover, contrarily to previously analyzed “Candidatus Trichorickettsia” hosts, infected P. calkinsi cells frequently became amicronucleate and demonstrated abnormal cell division, eventually leading to decline of the laboratory culture.

Host and symbiont intraspecific variability : the case of Paramecium calkinsi and “Candidatus Trichorickettsia mobilis” / E. Sabaneyeva, M. Castelli, F. Szokoli, K. Benken, N. Lebedeva, A. Salvetti, M. Schweikert, S. Fokin, G. Petroni. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PROTISTOLOGY. - ISSN 0932-4739. - 62(2018 Feb), pp. 79-94.

Host and symbiont intraspecific variability : the case of Paramecium calkinsi and “Candidatus Trichorickettsia mobilis”

M. Castelli;
2018-02

Abstract

Newly isolated strains of the ciliate Paramecium calkinsi and their cytoplasmic bacterial endosymbionts were characterized by a multidisciplinary approach, including live observation, ultrastructural investigation, and molecular analysis. Despite morphological resemblance, the characterized P. calkinsi strains showed a significant molecular divergence compared to conspecifics, possibly hinting for a cryptic speciation. The endosymbionts were clearly found to be affiliated to the species “Candidatus Trichorickettsia mobilis” (Rickettsiales, Rickettsiaceae), currently encompassing only bacteria retrieved in an obligate intracellular association with other ciliates. However, a relatively high degree of intraspecific divergence was observed as well, thus it was possible to split “Candidatus Trichorickettsia” into three subspecies, one of which represented so far only by the newly characterized endosymbionts of P. calkinsi. Other features distinguished the members of each different subspecies. In particular, the endosymbionts of P. calkinsi resided in the cytoplasm and possessed numerous peritrichous flagella, although no motility was evidenced, whereas their conspecifics in other hosts were either cytoplasmic and devoid of flagella, or macronuclear, displaying flagellar-driven motility. Moreover, contrarily to previously analyzed “Candidatus Trichorickettsia” hosts, infected P. calkinsi cells frequently became amicronucleate and demonstrated abnormal cell division, eventually leading to decline of the laboratory culture.
Atomic force microscopy (AFM); Bacterial endosymbionts; Ciliophora; Fluorescence in situ hydridization (FISH); rRNA gene insertions; Symbiosis; Alphaproteobacteria; Paramecium; Host-Parasite Interactions; Microbiology
Settore BIO/05 - Zoologia
Settore BIO/19 - Microbiologia Generale
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/619463
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