Background: Despite recent advances, the molecular mechanisms of brain metastasis remains poorly understood. The design of new targeted, patient-specific therapies requires knowledge of the presence of the molecular abnormalities that are present in both the primary tumor and distant metastatic sites. To determine whether the genetic profiles are constant between the primary lung cancers and their paired metastases we examined pairs of human primary and metastatic lung carcinomas by high-throughput gene mutation profiling. Design: We evaluated formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded specimens from 21 patients (11 women [52%] and 10 men [48%], median age 65 years) with NSCLC metastatic to the brain and the corresponding primary primary NSCLC and brain metastases using the Sequenom mass spectrometry-based system (iPLEX protocol - OncoMap analysis) for 252 genetic mutations in ABL1, BRAF, EGFR, FGFR3, HRAS, KIT, KRAS, MET, NRAS, PDGFRA, PI3K, and RET. Some of the lower confidence mutations identified by iPLEX protocol were validated by homogeneous mass-extend (hME) technology. Results: The results of molecular markers expression in the primary NSCLC and in metastatic brain NSCLC are summarized in table 1. In nine patients (39.1%) mutations were identified only in the primary lung tumors, in five patients (21.7%) mutations were identified only in the brain metastases, and in three patients (13%) mutations were identified in both lung and brain metastases. Except KRAS G12C mutation that was identified in two patients, all mutations identified were present in only one patient.
|Titolo:||Molecular Characteristics of Matched Primary Non-Small-Cell Lung Carcinomas (NSCLC) and Metastases to the Brain|
BENEDETTINI, ELISA (Primo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Citazione:||Molecular Characteristics of Matched Primary Non-Small-Cell Lung Carcinomas (NSCLC) and Metastases to the Brain / E. Benedettini, A.G. Saad, M. Loda, L.R. Chirieac. ((Intervento presentato al convegno United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology tenutosi a Boston nel 2009.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||14 - Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|