OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate the echocardiographic myocardial performance index (MPI) to assess post-resuscitation myocardial function following electrically and ischemically induced ventricular fibrillation (VF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: VF was induced in fourteen anesthetized pigs weighing 38+/-4 kg. VF was induced electrically in seven animals and ischemically, following transient occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD), in the remaining seven animals. VF was untreated for 7 min after which CPR, including precordial compression and mechanical ventilation was begun. Defibrillation was attempted after 5 min of CPR. MPI, ejection fraction (EF) and fractional area change (FAC) were measured hourly during the following 4 h interval post-resuscitation. RESULTS: Five of seven animals were resuscitated in the electrically induced VF group, and four of seven animals in the ischemically induced VF group. No difference in EF and FAC were observed between the two groups. The MPI, however, was significantly greater at 60 min and 120 min post-resuscitation in animals after ischemically induced VF (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: In this model, left ventricular (LV) MPI was a more sensitive and useful quantitative parameter to assess the LV function than the EF and FAC measurements used routinely. MPI measurements indicated that post-resuscitation myocardial dysfunction may be more severe after ischemically induced VF compared to the electrically induced VF.
Myocardial performance index following electrically induced or ischemically induced cardiac arrest / T. Xu, W. Tang, G. Ristagno, S. Sun, H. Wang, M. Weil. - In: RESUSCITATION. - ISSN 0300-9572. - 76:1(2008), pp. 103-107.
|Titolo:||Myocardial performance index following electrically induced or ischemically induced cardiac arrest|
|Parole Chiave:||cardiopulmonary resuscitation; ventricular fibrillation; echocardiography; myocardial performance index|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/41 - Anestesiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2007.06.004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|