We study the effect of trade liberalization on child mortality using data from emerging and developing countries over the 1960–2010 period. To capture possible heterogeneity of effects, we use the Synthetic Control Method (SCM) for comparative case studies. The SCM allows to compare the trajectory of post-reform health outcomes of treated countries (those which experienced trade liberalization) with the trajectory of a combination of similar but untreated countries. On average, trade liberalization significantly reduced child mortality. The average reduction is around 9% ten years after the liberalization. But there is significant heterogeneity in the impact. For the cases for which the SCM could provide a reliable counterfactual, trade liberalization significantly reduced child mortality in approximately half the cases. In most other cases there was no significant effect. In the majority of the significant cases, the reduction in child mortality was more than 20%. On average, trade liberalization reduced child mortality more (a) in democracies compared to autocracies, (b) when incomes were higher and (c) when it reduced taxation of farmers.

Trade liberalization and child mortality : A Synthetic Control Method / A. Olper, D. Curzi, J. Swinnen. - In: WORLD DEVELOPMENT. - ISSN 0305-750X. - 110(2018 Oct), pp. 394-410. [10.1016/j.worlddev.2018.05.034]

Trade liberalization and child mortality : A Synthetic Control Method

A. Olper
Primo
;
D. Curzi
Secondo
;
2018

Abstract

We study the effect of trade liberalization on child mortality using data from emerging and developing countries over the 1960–2010 period. To capture possible heterogeneity of effects, we use the Synthetic Control Method (SCM) for comparative case studies. The SCM allows to compare the trajectory of post-reform health outcomes of treated countries (those which experienced trade liberalization) with the trajectory of a combination of similar but untreated countries. On average, trade liberalization significantly reduced child mortality. The average reduction is around 9% ten years after the liberalization. But there is significant heterogeneity in the impact. For the cases for which the SCM could provide a reliable counterfactual, trade liberalization significantly reduced child mortality in approximately half the cases. In most other cases there was no significant effect. In the majority of the significant cases, the reduction in child mortality was more than 20%. On average, trade liberalization reduced child mortality more (a) in democracies compared to autocracies, (b) when incomes were higher and (c) when it reduced taxation of farmers.
Child mortality; Synthetic Control Method; Trade liberalization; Geography, Planning and Development; Development3304 Education; Sociology and Political Science; Economics and Econometrics
Settore AGR/01 - Economia ed Estimo Rurale
Settore SECS-P/01 - Economia Politica
Settore SECS-P/02 - Politica Economica
ott-2018
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/618196
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