The study of Mg–Fe2+ subsolidus exchange between olivine and spinel is a powerful tool to unravel the thermal history of ultramafic rocks. We have implemented such a study using olivine–spinel diffusivity patterns in fresh mineralogical samples from the Finero mafic-ultramafic Complex in the Ivrea-Verbano zone of Northern Italy. Our analytical suite includes chromitites and dunites of the Phlogopite-Peridotite Unit from the core of the Complex. Primary and re-equilibrated olivine and spinel compositions were derived from diffusivity curves calculated by fitting data via an exponential function. Resulting XMg (Mg/(Mg + Fe2+) values were then used for geothermometry. Samples are found to demonstrate a maximum temperature of 849 °C and a minimum temperature of 656 °C; these temperatures coincide with the limits of elemental exchange in this mineralogic system. We were unable to identify primary olivine/spinel compositions related to the original formation of the dunite–chromitite suite during Early Permian metasomatic activity. Temperature of 849 °C is ascribed to the Late Triassic re-heating event dated at 208 ± 2 Ma. Continuous cooling followed this event at rates of 10−4 and 10−2 °C/yr until cessation of elemental exchange activity at ~656 °C. A rapid cooling rate is associated with the uplift and subsequent decrease of geothermal gradient during the early stages of the opening of the Piemont ocean basin

Olivine–Spinel Diffusivity Patterns in Chromitites and Dunites from the Finero Phlogopite-Peridotite (Ivrea-Verbano Zone, Southern Alps): Implications for the Thermal History of the Massif / M. Bussolesi, G. Grieco, E. Tzamos. - In: MINERALS. - ISSN 2075-163X. - 9:2(2019 Feb).

Olivine–Spinel Diffusivity Patterns in Chromitites and Dunites from the Finero Phlogopite-Peridotite (Ivrea-Verbano Zone, Southern Alps): Implications for the Thermal History of the Massif

M. Bussolesi
Primo
;
G. Grieco
;
2019-02

Abstract

The study of Mg–Fe2+ subsolidus exchange between olivine and spinel is a powerful tool to unravel the thermal history of ultramafic rocks. We have implemented such a study using olivine–spinel diffusivity patterns in fresh mineralogical samples from the Finero mafic-ultramafic Complex in the Ivrea-Verbano zone of Northern Italy. Our analytical suite includes chromitites and dunites of the Phlogopite-Peridotite Unit from the core of the Complex. Primary and re-equilibrated olivine and spinel compositions were derived from diffusivity curves calculated by fitting data via an exponential function. Resulting XMg (Mg/(Mg + Fe2+) values were then used for geothermometry. Samples are found to demonstrate a maximum temperature of 849 °C and a minimum temperature of 656 °C; these temperatures coincide with the limits of elemental exchange in this mineralogic system. We were unable to identify primary olivine/spinel compositions related to the original formation of the dunite–chromitite suite during Early Permian metasomatic activity. Temperature of 849 °C is ascribed to the Late Triassic re-heating event dated at 208 ± 2 Ma. Continuous cooling followed this event at rates of 10−4 and 10−2 °C/yr until cessation of elemental exchange activity at ~656 °C. A rapid cooling rate is associated with the uplift and subsequent decrease of geothermal gradient during the early stages of the opening of the Piemont ocean basin
Finero complex; chromitite; olivine–spinel equilibrium; geothermometry; diffusivity patterns; cooling rates
Settore GEO/09 - Georisorse Miner.Appl.Mineral.-Petrogr.per l'amb.e i Beni Cul
Dipartimenti di Eccellenza 2018-2022 - Dipartimento di SCIENZE DELLA TERRA "ARDITO DESIO"
27-gen-2019
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/617982
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