Background: A physiologic test for estimating BPD rate has been developed by Walsh and collaborators. Actually there are not standard criteria for weaning from CPAP and/or oxygen therapy the premature babies. Aim of this study was to verify if a physiologic test, modified respect to that developed by Walsh and collaborators for estimating BPD rate, can be used as a clinical tool for weaning the premature babies from CPAP and/or oxygen therapy. Methods: Neonates with BW 500-1250 g and GA ≤ 32 weeks, receiving FiO2 ≤ 0.30 by hood or CPAP, were prospectively studied at 28 days of life and at 36 weeks of postmestrual age. The test was performed in 3 steps: baseline, challenge (FiO2 and CPAP reduction to room air) and post test (room air). Monitoring of transcutaneous CO2 was added to SpO2 and the newborns passing the test were left in room air. Results: Six of 23 tested babies (26%) passed the challenge at 28 days of life, 4 of 10 tested babies (40%) passed the challenge at 36 weeks. Median values of SpO2 were significantly higher in the neonates passing the test, respect to the failing patients. At the same time median values of TcPCO2 were significantly higher in the latter babies. Conclusion: TcPCO2 monitoring appeared to be a new useful parameter for failure prediction of weaning. The test represented a clinical guide because the newborns passing it were left in room air.
A modified physiologic test for bronchopulmonary dysplasia: A clinical tool for weaning from CPAP and/or oxygen-therapy the premature babies? / G. Vento, V. Vendettuoli, C. Aurilia, M. Tana, C. Tirone, A. Lio, P.G. Matassa, F. Priolo, P. Catenazzi, M. Corsello, E. Zecca, F. Mosca. - In: THE ITALIAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS. - ISSN 1720-8424. - 45:1(2019 Jan 04).
|Titolo:||A modified physiologic test for bronchopulmonary dysplasia: A clinical tool for weaning from CPAP and/or oxygen-therapy the premature babies?|
MOSCA, FABIO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Physiologic test; Preterm infants; Respiratory support weaning; Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia; Continuous Positive Airway Pressure; Female; Humans; Infant, Newborn; Infant, Premature; Male; Oxygen Inhalation Therapy; Prospective Studies; Blood Gas Monitoring, Transcutaneous; Ventilator Weaning; Pediatrics, Perinatology and Child Health|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||4-gen-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13052-018-0582-x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|