The increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes has highlighted the importance of evidence-based guidelines for effective prevention, management and treatment. Diabetes self-management education (SME) produces positive effects on patient behaviours and health status. We analyzed the literature to identify (i) the level of integration between usual care and SME programs and (ii) any possible differences across them in terms of outcomes. Searches were made on three databases - PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science - to identify relevant publications on diabetes SME to 2015, which also describe the provider of usual care. In total, 49 studies met the inclusion criteria. We identified three levels of integration (high, medium and low) between usual care and SME programs based on the level of involvement of usual care professionals within the SME programs. In most cases, the primary care physician was responsible for the diabetes patients. Patient health behaviors and/or outcomes improve in most of the studies, independently from the level of integration. However, findings suggest that when patients/participants could perceive that usual care provider is highly involved in SME delivery, educational programs produced results that appear to be more positive.

The Diabetes Self-management educational programs and their integration in the usual care : a systematic literature review / E. Kumah, G. Sciolli, M.L. Toraldo, A.M. Murante. - In: HEALTH POLICY. - ISSN 0168-8510. - 122:8(2018 Aug), pp. 866-877. [10.1016/j.healthpol.2018.06.003]

The Diabetes Self-management educational programs and their integration in the usual care : a systematic literature review

M.L. Toraldo;
2018-08

Abstract

The increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes has highlighted the importance of evidence-based guidelines for effective prevention, management and treatment. Diabetes self-management education (SME) produces positive effects on patient behaviours and health status. We analyzed the literature to identify (i) the level of integration between usual care and SME programs and (ii) any possible differences across them in terms of outcomes. Searches were made on three databases - PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science - to identify relevant publications on diabetes SME to 2015, which also describe the provider of usual care. In total, 49 studies met the inclusion criteria. We identified three levels of integration (high, medium and low) between usual care and SME programs based on the level of involvement of usual care professionals within the SME programs. In most cases, the primary care physician was responsible for the diabetes patients. Patient health behaviors and/or outcomes improve in most of the studies, independently from the level of integration. However, findings suggest that when patients/participants could perceive that usual care provider is highly involved in SME delivery, educational programs produced results that appear to be more positive.
self-management; education; diabetes; usual care; integration; systematic review
Settore SECS-P/10 - Organizzazione Aziendale
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/617366
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