This article focuses on Fascist Italy's active air defenses during the Second World War. It analyzes a number of crucial factors: mass production of antiaircraft weapons and fighters; detection of enemy aircraft by deploying radar; coordination between the Air Ministry and the other ministries involved, as well as between the Air Force and the other armed services. The relationship between the government and industrialists, as well as that between the regime and its German ally, are also crucial elements of the story. The article argues that the history of Italian air defenses reflected many of the failures of the Fascist regime itself. Mussolini's strategy forced Italy to assume military responsibilities and economic commitments which it could not hope to meet. Moreover, industrial self-interest and inter-service rivalry combined to inhibit even more the efforts of the regime to protect its population, maintain adequate armaments output, and compete in technical terms with the Allies.
|Titolo:||Fascist Italy’s Aerial Defense in the Second World War|
|Parole Chiave:||air defenses; Air Ministry; anti-aircraft weapons; bombing; Fascist Italy; Germany; radar; Second World War|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore M-STO/04 - Storia Contemporanea|
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.5893/19498489.150101|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|