Respiratory diseases are common cause of disability in the elderly and are often concomitant with other non-respiratory medical conditions. Interventional pulmonology includes advanced diagnostic and therapeutic techniques, successfully employed for benign and malignant pulmonary diseases with a good safety profile. A few studies are available on the efficacy and the safety of these procedures (both bronchoscopic and pleural techniques) in the elderly. Paucity of data in these patients may support reluctant clinicians. We carried out a non-systematic review aimed at describing the scientific literature on interventional pulmonology techniques in elderly patients with comorbidities. We summarized indications, performance characteristics, and safety profile of bronchoscopic techniques in the elderly, comparing outcomes between older and younger patients. We explored the role of age on anesthesia and sedation protocols during endoscopic procedures and assessed the influence of comorbidities on bronchoscopic outcomes. This review underlines that older age is not a barrier for implementing interventional pulmonology for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.
Interventional pulmonology techniques in elderly patients with comorbidities / M. Mondoni, D. Radovanovic, G. Sotgiu, F. Di Marco, P. Carlucci, S. Centanni, P. Santus. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF INTERNAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 0953-6205. - 59(2019 Jan), pp. 14-20.
|Titolo:||Interventional pulmonology techniques in elderly patients with comorbidities|
CENTANNI, STEFANO (Penultimo)
SANTUS, PIERACHILLE (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Bronchoscopy; Frail elderly; Hemoptysis; Lung cancer; Pleural diseases; Thoracentesis; Thoracoscopy; Internal Medicine|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/10 - Malattie dell'Apparato Respiratorio|
|Data di pubblicazione:||gen-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejim.2018.09.015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|