Subduction of calcium carbonate, sequestered in the oceanic crust by hydrothermal metamorphism and biogenic action, accounts for a significant flux of carbon into the mantle, where it contributes to the genesis of carbonatitic and silica-undersaturated melts. However, the reported phase relations in the system CaCO3, notably the transition boundary from disordered calcite (calcite V, here ccv) to aragonite (ara), vary considerably among different studies. Moreover, the thermodynamic properties of ccv and of liquid CaCO3 (CaCO3L) remain to be determined. In order to address the dearth of experimental data on phase relations, and to determine a set of internally consistent thermodynamic properties for ara, ccv and CaCO3L, multi-anvil experiments were performed at 3–6 GPa and 1300–1750 °C. By re-evaluating all experimental data, the transformation of ccv-ara fits the equation Tccv-ara = 397.6 + 320.17 × P and the melting curve Tm = 1578.9 + 139.65 × P − 11.646 × P2, where pressure is in GPa and temperature in K. Thermodynamic properties retrieved for calcite V and liquid CaCO3 are used to compute phase diagrams of relevance for chemical compositions representative of eclogite heterogeneities of the astenospheric mantle, and compared with experimentally derived phase relationships. Aragonite represents a carbonate of major abundance in carbonated eclogites at high temperature, close to the solidus; its ability to fractionate REE and Ba-Sr contributes to the peculiar geochemical signatures of silica undersaturated magmas. The relatively refractory nature of aragonite impacts on our understanding of the deep carbon cycle.
The stability and melting of aragonite : An experimental and thermodynamic model for carbonated eclogites in the mantle / S. Zhao, E. Schettino, M. Merlini, S. Poli. - In: LITHOS. - ISSN 0024-4937. - 324-325(2019 Jan), pp. 105-114.
|Titolo:||The stability and melting of aragonite : An experimental and thermodynamic model for carbonated eclogites in the mantle|
|Parole Chiave:||Geology; Geochemistry and Petrology|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/07 - Petrologia e Petrografia|
Settore GEO/06 - Mineralogia
|Data di pubblicazione:||gen-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lithos.2018.11.005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|